Rigid and transparent hydrogels were obtained upon pouring chitosan salt solutions into saturated ammonium hydrogen carbonate. Incubation at 20°C for 5 days yielded chitosan carbamate ammonium salt, Chit-NHCO2 -NH4 + a chemical species that either by hydrolysis or by thermal treatment decomposed to restore chitosan in free amine form. Chitosans of different degrees of acetylation, molecular sizes and origins (squid and crustaceans) were used as hydrochloride, acetate, glycolate, citrate and lactate salts. Their hydrogels obtained in ammonium hydrogen carbonate yielded chitosan solutions at pH values as high as 9.6, from which microspheres of regenerated chitosans were obtained upon spray-drying. These materials had a modest degree of crystallinity depending on the partial acylation that took place at the sprayer temperature (168°C). Citrate could cross-link chitosan and impart insolubility to the microspheres. Chloride on the contrary permitted to prepare microspheres of chitosan in free amine form. By the NH4HCO3 treatment, the cationicity of chitosan could be reversibly masked in view of mixing chitosan with alginate in equimolar ratio without coacervation. The clear and poorly viscous solutions of mixed chitosan carbamate and alginate were spray-dried at 115°C to manufacture chitosan-alginate microspheres having prevailing diameter approx 2 micron.

Alkaline chitosan solutions / Muzzarelli, C.; Tosi, Giorgio; Francescangeli, Oriano; R., Muzzarelli. - In: CARBOHYDRATE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-6215. - 338 (21):(2003), pp. 2247-2255. [10.1016/S0008-6215(03)00373-2]

Alkaline chitosan solutions

TOSI, Giorgio;FRANCESCANGELI, ORIANO;
2003-01-01

Abstract

Rigid and transparent hydrogels were obtained upon pouring chitosan salt solutions into saturated ammonium hydrogen carbonate. Incubation at 20°C for 5 days yielded chitosan carbamate ammonium salt, Chit-NHCO2 -NH4 + a chemical species that either by hydrolysis or by thermal treatment decomposed to restore chitosan in free amine form. Chitosans of different degrees of acetylation, molecular sizes and origins (squid and crustaceans) were used as hydrochloride, acetate, glycolate, citrate and lactate salts. Their hydrogels obtained in ammonium hydrogen carbonate yielded chitosan solutions at pH values as high as 9.6, from which microspheres of regenerated chitosans were obtained upon spray-drying. These materials had a modest degree of crystallinity depending on the partial acylation that took place at the sprayer temperature (168°C). Citrate could cross-link chitosan and impart insolubility to the microspheres. Chloride on the contrary permitted to prepare microspheres of chitosan in free amine form. By the NH4HCO3 treatment, the cationicity of chitosan could be reversibly masked in view of mixing chitosan with alginate in equimolar ratio without coacervation. The clear and poorly viscous solutions of mixed chitosan carbamate and alginate were spray-dried at 115°C to manufacture chitosan-alginate microspheres having prevailing diameter approx 2 micron.
2003
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/51179
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