ABSTRACT A global review of problems related to the criminality in urban areas, and of illegal occupancy, needs to consider the specific situation of the so called ‘out of law districts’. In some towns there are districts that instead of beeing only a place where to commit crimes, are a real housing of crime, since most of the inhabitants are crime related and the dwelling itself is fully illegal. In theese areas a ‘counterpower that acts undisturbed’ does really exist and its presence is easily perceived. Illegal activities are carried out openly, because it is practically impossible to put into practise an efficient surveillance. Police surveillance, as a matter of fact, must face the opposition of the greater part of the inhabitants who consider it as an intrusion into their territories. There is no possibility of ‘occasional surveillance’ as well, since the regular population, as a minority, lives apart, strictly conditioned by criminals, and outside population avoids to frequent such areas. The goal of making the town safer, getting a better quality of life and safety, through social integration, may appear not common and not easy to reach for the architects and planners. Thus, because in Italy does not yet exist the knowledge of the potentiality of this technique, not from the specialists (planners, architects) and even less from common people. It’s an ambitious goal anyway, since it cannot be limited to a simple elimination of the parts of town that can offer criminal opportunities, but must provide valid alternative solutions, not only at the level of preventing criminality, but also aiming to increase the global quality of life in the area. Global quality of life will be measured at the level of efficiency, comfort, fruition, low cost of intervention. Theese are top criteria that can influence both the effective realization of the recovery program, and the citizen’s agreement of the program itself. The paper shows some relevant experiencies in Italy, and gives suggestions about the problem of preventing urban criminality by means of a better architectural design.
ILLEGAL LIVING AND CRIMINALITY: PERSPECTIVES FOR HOUSING RECOVERY AS A MEAN OF PREVENTION / R. M., Barboni; Montagna, Romualdo. - (2007).