The viability of Cryptosporidium parvum after exposure to peptide antibiotics was studied by two different methods, a cell culture system and a double fluorogenic staining. The peptides KFFKFFKFF and IKFLKFLKFL exerted high cytotoxic effects on sporozoites, as demonstrated by cell cultures (complete inhibition after 60 min at 100 microg/ml) and flow cytometry (30% after 20 min at 100 microg/ml), but did not affect consistently the oocysts. Clarithromycin and rifabutin demonstrated less activity against sporozoites but higher activity against oocysts (30% after 180 min at 10 microg/ml). The combination between peptides and azithromycin or rifabutin exerted the highest activities.

In-vitro effect of short-term exposure to two synthetic peptides, alone or in combination with clarithromycin or rifabutin, on Cryptosporidium parvum infectivity.

GIACOMETTI, Andrea;CIRIONI, OSCAR;BARCHIESI, FRANCESCO;
2002

Abstract

The viability of Cryptosporidium parvum after exposure to peptide antibiotics was studied by two different methods, a cell culture system and a double fluorogenic staining. The peptides KFFKFFKFF and IKFLKFLKFL exerted high cytotoxic effects on sporozoites, as demonstrated by cell cultures (complete inhibition after 60 min at 100 microg/ml) and flow cytometry (30% after 20 min at 100 microg/ml), but did not affect consistently the oocysts. Clarithromycin and rifabutin demonstrated less activity against sporozoites but higher activity against oocysts (30% after 180 min at 10 microg/ml). The combination between peptides and azithromycin or rifabutin exerted the highest activities.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/36896
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