Due to the formal analogy between Maxwell and Schrödinger equations, electromagnetic e.m. simulators may become a powerful numerical tool for the analysis of carrier transport in low-dimensional systems. In the following, we exploit this analogy in order to investigate the electronic properties of carbon nanotubes CNTs. As a matter of fact, e.m. commercial solvers have reached a high degree of efficiency due to the demand of the high-speed and microwave circuit market. In this paper, we suggest applying e.m. numerical solvers to CNTs with a view to derive their main properties, such as dispersion curves and effective masses. In particular, we have used the “CST Microwave Studio,” implementing a finite element method FEM. However, many other e.m. solvers are available, exploiting different approaches FDTD, Method of Moment, TLM, etc.. In order to assess the validity of the approach, we have investigated an important example of band-gap distortion and splitting of degenerate states with respect to the angular momentum, due to an external electric field. The model can also be applied in order to better explain the behavior of metal-CNT contacts, representing a critical point for analysis and synthesis of nanotransistor devices.

Electronic properties of carbon nanotubes investigated by means of standard electromagnetic simulators

MENCARELLI, Davide;ROZZI, TULLIO;DI DONATO, Andrea;FARINA, Marco
2007

Abstract

Due to the formal analogy between Maxwell and Schrödinger equations, electromagnetic e.m. simulators may become a powerful numerical tool for the analysis of carrier transport in low-dimensional systems. In the following, we exploit this analogy in order to investigate the electronic properties of carbon nanotubes CNTs. As a matter of fact, e.m. commercial solvers have reached a high degree of efficiency due to the demand of the high-speed and microwave circuit market. In this paper, we suggest applying e.m. numerical solvers to CNTs with a view to derive their main properties, such as dispersion curves and effective masses. In particular, we have used the “CST Microwave Studio,” implementing a finite element method FEM. However, many other e.m. solvers are available, exploiting different approaches FDTD, Method of Moment, TLM, etc.. In order to assess the validity of the approach, we have investigated an important example of band-gap distortion and splitting of degenerate states with respect to the angular momentum, due to an external electric field. The model can also be applied in order to better explain the behavior of metal-CNT contacts, representing a critical point for analysis and synthesis of nanotransistor devices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/36439
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