Abstract Objective: To assess human unstimulated whole saliva components during pregnancy, to determine the relation, if any, between pregnancy and oral health, particularly total protein concentration, α-amylase activity, sialic acid content and calcium and phosphate concentrations were evaluated. Design: Cross-sectional study. Participants: Forty-five healthy primigravid women; 15 nonpregnant women acted as controls. Results: 1. A higher total protein content at 10 and 21 weeks of gestation with respect to the controls and to pregnant women at 40 weeks; 2. a higher α-amylase activity at 10 and 21 weeks of gestation compared with the controls and to pregnant women at 40 weeks; 3. an increased sialic acid content at 21 and 40 weeks; 4. decreased calcium and phosphorus concentrations at 21 and 40 weeks of gestation. Conclusions: Pregnancy modifies saliva composition. This could play a pivotal role in the incidence of pregnancy-induced dental caries.
Biochemical modifications of human whole saliva induced by pregnancy / Salvolini, Eleonora; DI GIORGIO, R; Curatola, A; Mazzanti, Laura; Fratto, G.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY. - ISSN 0306-5456. - 105:6(1998), pp. 656-660. [10.1111/j.1471-0528.1998.tb10181.x]