Objectives: We aimed to 1) evaluate by power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US) the response to therapy of the most inflamed joint and enthesis (target sites) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients starting a biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (bDMARD); and 2) to investigate the correlation between the US response and clinical data. Methods: Consecutive PsA patients with US synovitis and US 'active' enthesitis, starting a bDMARD, were included. The joint with the highest OMERACT-EULAR-US composite score and the enthesis with the highest PD grade (targets) were identified at baseline. The US examination and clinical assessment were performed at 0, 3 and 6 months. The response of OMERACT-EULAR-US synovitis composite score was defined as reaching a grade = 0 at follow-up examination; synovial and entheseal PD responses were defined as a PD=0 and/or a reduction of ≥2 PD grades at follow-up examination. Results: Thirty patients were included. Synovitis composite score, synovial PD and entheseal PD showed significant responses at 3 and 6 months compared to baseline (p<0.01). Synovial PD responses were higher than entheseal PD responses at 3 months (71.4% vs 40.0%, p=0.01) and 6 months (77.8% vs. 46.7%, p=0.02). US synovitis responses were correlated with DAPSA (p<0.01) and MDA responses (p=0.01 for composite score, p=0.02 for PD). Conclusions: US was found sensitive for monitoring treatment response in PsA patients starting a biologic drug. Entheseal PD was less responsive than synovial PD, suggesting that enthesitis may represent a 'difficult-to-treat' domain in PsA.

'Double target' ultrasound monitoring of biologic therapy in psoriatic arthritis / Smerilli, Gianluca; Cipolletta, Edoardo; Di Matteo, Andrea; Di Carlo, Marco; Moscioni, Erica; Francioso, Francesca; Zompa, Davide; Lommano, Maria Giovanna; Grassi, Walter; Filippucci, Emilio. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0392-856X. - (2024). [10.55563/clinexprheumatol/mdjddz]

'Double target' ultrasound monitoring of biologic therapy in psoriatic arthritis

Smerilli, Gianluca
Primo
;
Cipolletta, Edoardo;Di Matteo, Andrea;Di Carlo, Marco;Moscioni, Erica;Francioso, Francesca;Zompa, Davide;Lommano, Maria Giovanna;Grassi, Walter;Filippucci, Emilio
Ultimo
2024-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to 1) evaluate by power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US) the response to therapy of the most inflamed joint and enthesis (target sites) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients starting a biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (bDMARD); and 2) to investigate the correlation between the US response and clinical data. Methods: Consecutive PsA patients with US synovitis and US 'active' enthesitis, starting a bDMARD, were included. The joint with the highest OMERACT-EULAR-US composite score and the enthesis with the highest PD grade (targets) were identified at baseline. The US examination and clinical assessment were performed at 0, 3 and 6 months. The response of OMERACT-EULAR-US synovitis composite score was defined as reaching a grade = 0 at follow-up examination; synovial and entheseal PD responses were defined as a PD=0 and/or a reduction of ≥2 PD grades at follow-up examination. Results: Thirty patients were included. Synovitis composite score, synovial PD and entheseal PD showed significant responses at 3 and 6 months compared to baseline (p<0.01). Synovial PD responses were higher than entheseal PD responses at 3 months (71.4% vs 40.0%, p=0.01) and 6 months (77.8% vs. 46.7%, p=0.02). US synovitis responses were correlated with DAPSA (p<0.01) and MDA responses (p=0.01 for composite score, p=0.02 for PD). Conclusions: US was found sensitive for monitoring treatment response in PsA patients starting a biologic drug. Entheseal PD was less responsive than synovial PD, suggesting that enthesitis may represent a 'difficult-to-treat' domain in PsA.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/326031
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