Functional metamaterials offering superior dynamic performances can be conceived by introducing local mechanisms of inertia amplification in the periodic microstructure of cellular composite media. The minimal physical realization of an inertially amplified metamaterial is represented by a one-dimensional crystal lattice, characterized by an intracellular pantograph mechanism. The microstructural dynamics of the periodic tetra -atomic cell is synthetically described by a low-dimension lagrangian model. The lagrangian coordinates account for the longitudinal motion of a pair of elastically coupled principal atoms, rigidly connected by the pantograph arms to a pair of transversely-oscillating secondary atoms, serving as inertial amplifiers. Within the range of small-oscillations, the free propagation of undamped harmonic waves is described by a linear difference equation, governed by a symplectic transfer matrix. First, the band structure of the complex-valued dispersion spectrum is determined analytically, by properly exploiting the formal (time-to-space) analogy with the Floquet Theory for the stability of non-autonomous dynamic systems (direct problem). Second, a spectral design problem is stated and solved by inverting analytically the functions expressing parametrically the boundaries separating attenuation (stop) and propagation (pass) bands in the frequency spectrum (inverse problem). Specifically, the inverse problem solution has the merit of providing simple formulas for parametric design. Such formulas explicitly and exactly identify the mechanical parameters of the inertially amplified metamaterial possessing a desired pass-stop-pass band structure, assigned according to functional design requirements. The existence and uniqueness of the solution in the admissible range of mechanical parameters is discussed. The discussion provides (i) mathematical demonstration for the existence of feasible design solutions or multi-solutions, (ii) complete definition of the physically realizable band structures in the frequency domain, and (iii) alternative criteria to design iso-band structured metamaterials within the admissible domain of mechanical parameters. The extra-customization possibilities offered by iso-band structured metamaterials are analyzed in terms of static and dynamic performances. As feasible limit cases of the analytical spectral design, extreme mechanical metamaterials working as phononic superfilters and/or superpropagators are realizable.

Analytical spectral design of mechanical metamaterials with inertia amplification / Settimi, V; Lepidi, M; Bacigalupo, A. - In: ENGINEERING STRUCTURES. - ISSN 0141-0296. - ELETTRONICO. - 274:(2023), pp. 1-12. [10.1016/j.engstruct.2022.115054]

Analytical spectral design of mechanical metamaterials with inertia amplification

Settimi, V
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Functional metamaterials offering superior dynamic performances can be conceived by introducing local mechanisms of inertia amplification in the periodic microstructure of cellular composite media. The minimal physical realization of an inertially amplified metamaterial is represented by a one-dimensional crystal lattice, characterized by an intracellular pantograph mechanism. The microstructural dynamics of the periodic tetra -atomic cell is synthetically described by a low-dimension lagrangian model. The lagrangian coordinates account for the longitudinal motion of a pair of elastically coupled principal atoms, rigidly connected by the pantograph arms to a pair of transversely-oscillating secondary atoms, serving as inertial amplifiers. Within the range of small-oscillations, the free propagation of undamped harmonic waves is described by a linear difference equation, governed by a symplectic transfer matrix. First, the band structure of the complex-valued dispersion spectrum is determined analytically, by properly exploiting the formal (time-to-space) analogy with the Floquet Theory for the stability of non-autonomous dynamic systems (direct problem). Second, a spectral design problem is stated and solved by inverting analytically the functions expressing parametrically the boundaries separating attenuation (stop) and propagation (pass) bands in the frequency spectrum (inverse problem). Specifically, the inverse problem solution has the merit of providing simple formulas for parametric design. Such formulas explicitly and exactly identify the mechanical parameters of the inertially amplified metamaterial possessing a desired pass-stop-pass band structure, assigned according to functional design requirements. The existence and uniqueness of the solution in the admissible range of mechanical parameters is discussed. The discussion provides (i) mathematical demonstration for the existence of feasible design solutions or multi-solutions, (ii) complete definition of the physically realizable band structures in the frequency domain, and (iii) alternative criteria to design iso-band structured metamaterials within the admissible domain of mechanical parameters. The extra-customization possibilities offered by iso-band structured metamaterials are analyzed in terms of static and dynamic performances. As feasible limit cases of the analytical spectral design, extreme mechanical metamaterials working as phononic superfilters and/or superpropagators are realizable.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/325292
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