Background and purposeThis study aimed to evaluate whether differences in clinical outcomes exist according to treatments received and seizure activity resolution in patients with refractory status epilepticus (RSE).MethodsConsecutive episodes of non-hypoxic status epilepticus (SE) in patients & GE; 14 years old were included. Episodes of RSE were stratified in: (i) SE persistent despite treatment with first-line therapy with benzodiazepines and one second-line treatment with antiseizure medications (ASMs), but responsive to successive treatments with ASMs (RSE-rASMs); (ii) SE persistent despite treatment with first-line therapy with benzodiazepines and successive treatment with one or more second-line ASMs, but responsive to anesthetic drugs [RSE-rGA (general anesthesia)]. Study endpoints were mortality during hospitalization and worsening of modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at discharge.ResultsStatus epilepticus was responsive in 298 (54.1%), RSE-rASMs in 152 (27.6%), RSE-rGA in 46 (8.3%), and super-refractory (SRSE) in 55 (10.0%) out of 551 included cases. Death during hospitalization occurred in 98 (17.8%) and worsening of mRS at discharge in 287 (52.1%) cases. Multivariable analyses revealed increased odds of in-hospital mortality with RSE-rGA (odds ratio [OR] 3.05, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.27-7.35) and SRSE (OR 3.83, 95%. CI 1.73-8.47), and increased odds of worsening of mRS with RSE-rASMs (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.28-3.31), RSE-rGA (OR 4.44, 95% CI 1.97-10.00), and SRSE (OR 13.81, 95% CI 5.34-35.67).ConclusionsIn RSE, varying degrees of refractoriness may be defined and suit better the continuum spectrum of disease severity and the heterogeneity of SE burden and prognosis.

How much refractory is 'refractory status epilepticus'? A retrospective study of treatment strategies and clinical outcomes / Lattanzi, Simona; Giovannini, Giada; Orlandi, Niccolò; Brigo, Francesco; Trinka, Eugen; Meletti, Stefano. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1432-1459. - 270:12(2023), pp. 6133-6140. [10.1007/s00415-023-11929-2]

How much refractory is 'refractory status epilepticus'? A retrospective study of treatment strategies and clinical outcomes

Lattanzi, Simona
Primo
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background and purposeThis study aimed to evaluate whether differences in clinical outcomes exist according to treatments received and seizure activity resolution in patients with refractory status epilepticus (RSE).MethodsConsecutive episodes of non-hypoxic status epilepticus (SE) in patients & GE; 14 years old were included. Episodes of RSE were stratified in: (i) SE persistent despite treatment with first-line therapy with benzodiazepines and one second-line treatment with antiseizure medications (ASMs), but responsive to successive treatments with ASMs (RSE-rASMs); (ii) SE persistent despite treatment with first-line therapy with benzodiazepines and successive treatment with one or more second-line ASMs, but responsive to anesthetic drugs [RSE-rGA (general anesthesia)]. Study endpoints were mortality during hospitalization and worsening of modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at discharge.ResultsStatus epilepticus was responsive in 298 (54.1%), RSE-rASMs in 152 (27.6%), RSE-rGA in 46 (8.3%), and super-refractory (SRSE) in 55 (10.0%) out of 551 included cases. Death during hospitalization occurred in 98 (17.8%) and worsening of mRS at discharge in 287 (52.1%) cases. Multivariable analyses revealed increased odds of in-hospital mortality with RSE-rGA (odds ratio [OR] 3.05, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.27-7.35) and SRSE (OR 3.83, 95%. CI 1.73-8.47), and increased odds of worsening of mRS with RSE-rASMs (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.28-3.31), RSE-rGA (OR 4.44, 95% CI 1.97-10.00), and SRSE (OR 13.81, 95% CI 5.34-35.67).ConclusionsIn RSE, varying degrees of refractoriness may be defined and suit better the continuum spectrum of disease severity and the heterogeneity of SE burden and prognosis.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/325243
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