Commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) plates were friction-stir welded (FSWed) using a welding tool with a tungsten carbide (WC) pin. The bead-on-plate technique was applied to reduce the effects of welding defects, such as incomplete penetration. An X-ray inspection and fractography showed that the FSWed material was free of defects and of WC particles, which may have originated from the welding tool. The appearance of refined equiaxed grains in the thermo-mechanically affected zone (TMAZ) may have been related to dynamic recrystallization (DRX) occurring during the FSW due to the high temperature and intensive plastic deformation involved in the process. Grain refinement, mechanical twinning, and increased dislocation density were detected within the TMAZ, and these microstructural changes were considered to be responsible for the improved mechanical properties of the TMAZ. The TEM study reported in the current paper revealed the presence of nano-sized grains in the FSWed material due to dynamic recrystallization (DRX) occurring during the processing stage. The microstructure obtained during FSW of Ti has been reported in a several publications, yet many discrepancies can be found in these publications. Among these discrepancies are the size and the shape of the grains at the various zones, as well as the presence or non-presence of various zones at the vicinity of the weld. The current study contradicts the argument for correlations between the conditions prevailing at different points across the TMAZ and microstructural changes, which were previously proposed by several researchers.

A Study of the Metallurgical and Mechanical Properties of Friction-Stir-Welded Pure Titanium / Regev, M.; Almoznino, B.; Spigarelli, S.. - In: METALS. - ISSN 2075-4701. - 13:3(2023). [10.3390/met13030524]

A Study of the Metallurgical and Mechanical Properties of Friction-Stir-Welded Pure Titanium

Spigarelli S.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) plates were friction-stir welded (FSWed) using a welding tool with a tungsten carbide (WC) pin. The bead-on-plate technique was applied to reduce the effects of welding defects, such as incomplete penetration. An X-ray inspection and fractography showed that the FSWed material was free of defects and of WC particles, which may have originated from the welding tool. The appearance of refined equiaxed grains in the thermo-mechanically affected zone (TMAZ) may have been related to dynamic recrystallization (DRX) occurring during the FSW due to the high temperature and intensive plastic deformation involved in the process. Grain refinement, mechanical twinning, and increased dislocation density were detected within the TMAZ, and these microstructural changes were considered to be responsible for the improved mechanical properties of the TMAZ. The TEM study reported in the current paper revealed the presence of nano-sized grains in the FSWed material due to dynamic recrystallization (DRX) occurring during the processing stage. The microstructure obtained during FSW of Ti has been reported in a several publications, yet many discrepancies can be found in these publications. Among these discrepancies are the size and the shape of the grains at the various zones, as well as the presence or non-presence of various zones at the vicinity of the weld. The current study contradicts the argument for correlations between the conditions prevailing at different points across the TMAZ and microstructural changes, which were previously proposed by several researchers.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/324691
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