The aim of the present work is to develop and test an innovative cooling system for the thermal management of batteries for electric vehicles (EVs). At present, the technology most used for electric propulsion is based on lithium-ion cells. The power supply unit must often deliver a large amount of power in a short time, forcing the batteries to produce a considerable amount of heat. This leads to a high working temperature that can cause a sharp decrease in the battery performance or even a malfunction. Moreover, their working outside of the prescribed temperature range (20–40 °C) or with a significant temperature gradient across the battery meaningfully accelerates their aging or breakage. In this case, a battery thermal management system (BTMS) is necessary to allow the batteries to work as efficiently as possible. In the present work, a pulsating heat pipe with a three-dimensional structure is proposed as cooling technology for a battery pack. At first the performance of the proposed PHP is evaluated in a dedicated experimental setup under different boundary conditions and a wide spectrum of power input values. Then the PHP is tested by applying, as load at the evaporator section, heat power distribution corresponding to three different discharging processes of a battery. These tests, directly referring to an applicative case, show that the proposed 3D PHP has an optimal cooling ability and the possibility to offer a powerful solution for electrical battery thermal management.
Experimental Analysis of an Innovative Electrical Battery Thermal Management System / Cattani, L.; Malavasi, M.; Bozzoli, F.; D'Alessandro, V.; Giammichele, L.. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - 16:13(2023), p. 5071. [10.3390/en16135071]