The optimal conditioning regimen prior haploidentical stem cell transplantation (Haplo-SCT) with post transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains unknown. A non-myeloablative conditioning (NMAC) regimen (cyclophosphamide + fludarabine + TBI 2 Gy [CyFluTBI]) is a safe approach, but relapse incidence remains high in this setting. Alternatively, a reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen combining thiotepa and reduced-dose busulfan with fludarabine (TBF) may decrease AML relapse. However, an excess of toxicity may counterbalance this potential benefit. We retrospectively compared CyFluTBI vs. TBF in CR AML patients who underwent Haplo-SCT with PT-Cy, in two different populations based on age. We analyzed 490 patients. In patients aged <60 years (n = 203), we observed a higher RI (HR = 3.59, 95% CI = 1.75-7.37, p < 0.01), lower LFS (HR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.22-3.22, p < 0.01) and lower OS (HR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.04-2.88, p = 0.04) in the CyFluTBI group, without significant difference in NRM. In older patients (n = 287), we observed that conditioning regimen did not significantly influence LFS (HR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.56-1.44, p = 0.65), OS (HR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.49-1.32, p = 0.39) and RI (HR = 1.78, 95% CI = 0.90-3.50, p = 0.10), but showed that CyFluTBI was associated with a significantly lower risk of NRM (HR = 0.48, 95% CI = 0.25-0.92, p = 0.03). Thus, younger patients seem to benefit from conditioning intensification from CyFluTBI to TBF regimens prior PT-Cy Haplo-SCT for CR AML, while older ones do not.

Reduced intensity versus non-myeloablative conditioning regimen for haploidentical transplantation and post-transplantation cyclophosphamide in complete remission acute myeloid leukemia: a study from the ALWP of the EBMT / Devillier, R; Galimard, Je; Labopin, M; Blaise, D; Raiola, Am; Pavlu, J; Castagna, L; Socie, G; Chalandon, Y; Martino, M; Stolzel, F; Bug, G; Bruno, B; Vrhovac, R; Charbonnier, A; Olivieri, A; Bay, Jo; Arroyo, H; Yakoub-Agha, I; Avenoso, D; Neubauer, A; Nguyen, S; Forcade, E; Brissot, E; Savani, B; Nagler, A; Mohty, M. - In: BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 0268-3369. - 57:9(2022), pp. 1421-1427. [10.1038/s41409-022-01674-x]

Reduced intensity versus non-myeloablative conditioning regimen for haploidentical transplantation and post-transplantation cyclophosphamide in complete remission acute myeloid leukemia: a study from the ALWP of the EBMT

Olivieri, A
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The optimal conditioning regimen prior haploidentical stem cell transplantation (Haplo-SCT) with post transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains unknown. A non-myeloablative conditioning (NMAC) regimen (cyclophosphamide + fludarabine + TBI 2 Gy [CyFluTBI]) is a safe approach, but relapse incidence remains high in this setting. Alternatively, a reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen combining thiotepa and reduced-dose busulfan with fludarabine (TBF) may decrease AML relapse. However, an excess of toxicity may counterbalance this potential benefit. We retrospectively compared CyFluTBI vs. TBF in CR AML patients who underwent Haplo-SCT with PT-Cy, in two different populations based on age. We analyzed 490 patients. In patients aged <60 years (n = 203), we observed a higher RI (HR = 3.59, 95% CI = 1.75-7.37, p < 0.01), lower LFS (HR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.22-3.22, p < 0.01) and lower OS (HR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.04-2.88, p = 0.04) in the CyFluTBI group, without significant difference in NRM. In older patients (n = 287), we observed that conditioning regimen did not significantly influence LFS (HR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.56-1.44, p = 0.65), OS (HR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.49-1.32, p = 0.39) and RI (HR = 1.78, 95% CI = 0.90-3.50, p = 0.10), but showed that CyFluTBI was associated with a significantly lower risk of NRM (HR = 0.48, 95% CI = 0.25-0.92, p = 0.03). Thus, younger patients seem to benefit from conditioning intensification from CyFluTBI to TBF regimens prior PT-Cy Haplo-SCT for CR AML, while older ones do not.
2022
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/316495
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact