Aim: There is conflicting evidence about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the incidence of type 1 diabetes. Here, we analysed long-term trends in the incidence of type 1 diabetes in Italian children and adolescents from 1989 to 2019 and compared the incidence observed during the COVID-19 pandemic with that estimated from long-term data.Materials and Methods: This was a population-based incidence study using longitudinal data from two diabetes registries in mainland Italy. Trends in the incidence of type 1 diabetes from 1 January 1989 to 31 December 2019 were estimated using Poisson and segmented regression models.Results: There was a significant increasing trend in the incidence of type 1 diabetes of 3.6% per year [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.4-4.8] between 1989 and 2003, a breakpoint in 2003, and then a constant incidence until 2019 (0.5%, 95% CI: -1.3 to 2.4). There was a significant 4-year cycle in incidence over the entire study period. The rate observed in 2021 (26.7, 95% CI: 23.0-30.9) was significantly higher than expected (19.5, 95% CI: 17.6-21.4; p = .010).Conclusion: Long-term incidence analysis showed an unexpected increase in new cases of type 1 diabetes in 2021. The incidence of type 1 diabetes now needs continuous monitoring using population registries to understand better the impact of COVID-19 on new-onset type 1 diabetes in children.

Trends and cyclic variation in the incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes in two Italian regions over 33 years and during the COVID-19 pandemic / Gesuita, Rosaria; Rabbone, Ivana; Marconi, Vittorio; De Sanctis, Luisa; Marino, Monica; Tiberi, Valentina; Iannilli, Antonio; Tinti, Davide; Favella, Lucia; Giorda, Carlo; Carle, Flavia; Cherubini, Valentino. - In: DIABETES, OBESITY AND METABOLISM. - ISSN 1463-1326. - 25:6(2023), pp. 1698-1703. [10.1111/dom.15024]

Trends and cyclic variation in the incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes in two Italian regions over 33 years and during the COVID-19 pandemic

Gesuita, Rosaria
Primo
;
Marconi, Vittorio;Marino, Monica;Tiberi, Valentina;Carle, Flavia;Cherubini, Valentino
2023-01-01

Abstract

Aim: There is conflicting evidence about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the incidence of type 1 diabetes. Here, we analysed long-term trends in the incidence of type 1 diabetes in Italian children and adolescents from 1989 to 2019 and compared the incidence observed during the COVID-19 pandemic with that estimated from long-term data.Materials and Methods: This was a population-based incidence study using longitudinal data from two diabetes registries in mainland Italy. Trends in the incidence of type 1 diabetes from 1 January 1989 to 31 December 2019 were estimated using Poisson and segmented regression models.Results: There was a significant increasing trend in the incidence of type 1 diabetes of 3.6% per year [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.4-4.8] between 1989 and 2003, a breakpoint in 2003, and then a constant incidence until 2019 (0.5%, 95% CI: -1.3 to 2.4). There was a significant 4-year cycle in incidence over the entire study period. The rate observed in 2021 (26.7, 95% CI: 23.0-30.9) was significantly higher than expected (19.5, 95% CI: 17.6-21.4; p = .010).Conclusion: Long-term incidence analysis showed an unexpected increase in new cases of type 1 diabetes in 2021. The incidence of type 1 diabetes now needs continuous monitoring using population registries to understand better the impact of COVID-19 on new-onset type 1 diabetes in children.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/315500
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