The mobile phone is a fast-growing E-waste stream that includes hazardous substances and valuable metals. Smartphone touch screens (SPTS) contain a considerable amount of critical metals, such as indium and strontium that can be recovered from end of life devices as a secondary resource. Bioleaching is an emerging and environmentally friendly method for metal recovery from electronic waste. In the present study, bioleaching was assessed for the extraction of indium and strontium from organic light emitting diode type smartphone touch screens. A statistical approach based on the response surface methodology was successfully applied. The effects of influential variables: pH, ferrous sulfate, elemental sulfur, and solid content and their interactions on indium and strontium recovery using adapted Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans were evaluated. Under optimum conditions (ferrous sulfate: 13.0 g/L; solid content; 3.0 g/L; elemental sulfur: 5.6 g/L; and initial pH of 1.1), a complete indium extraction was observed, with a concentration in solution of about 200 mg/L indium. As concerns strontium, a 5% extraction efficiency was observed, which, even if quite low, resulted in a relatively high strontium concentration in solution, around 3000 mg/L, due to its high content in the solid (2%). This work opens new perspectives in the application of clean technologies for the extraction of valuable metals, such as indium and strontium from smartphone screens.

Bioleaching of critical metals from waste OLED touch screens using adapted acidophilic bacteria / Pourhossein, Fatemeh; Rezaei, Omid; Mousavi, Seyyed Mohammad; Beolchini, Francesca. - In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCE & ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2052-336X. - 19:1(2021), pp. 893-906. [10.1007/s40201-021-00657-2]

Bioleaching of critical metals from waste OLED touch screens using adapted acidophilic bacteria

Beolchini, Francesca
2021-01-01

Abstract

The mobile phone is a fast-growing E-waste stream that includes hazardous substances and valuable metals. Smartphone touch screens (SPTS) contain a considerable amount of critical metals, such as indium and strontium that can be recovered from end of life devices as a secondary resource. Bioleaching is an emerging and environmentally friendly method for metal recovery from electronic waste. In the present study, bioleaching was assessed for the extraction of indium and strontium from organic light emitting diode type smartphone touch screens. A statistical approach based on the response surface methodology was successfully applied. The effects of influential variables: pH, ferrous sulfate, elemental sulfur, and solid content and their interactions on indium and strontium recovery using adapted Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans were evaluated. Under optimum conditions (ferrous sulfate: 13.0 g/L; solid content; 3.0 g/L; elemental sulfur: 5.6 g/L; and initial pH of 1.1), a complete indium extraction was observed, with a concentration in solution of about 200 mg/L indium. As concerns strontium, a 5% extraction efficiency was observed, which, even if quite low, resulted in a relatively high strontium concentration in solution, around 3000 mg/L, due to its high content in the solid (2%). This work opens new perspectives in the application of clean technologies for the extraction of valuable metals, such as indium and strontium from smartphone screens.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/315370
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