In this article, we reported a single case of ischemic fasciitis in a young woman with a progressive immobilization due to a multifocal demyelinating disease of central nervous system, which appeared on an extensive pressure ulcer of the sacral region treated with 10 days of negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT). Wound examination revealed a significant nontender brown neoformation (9 cm in length x 10 cm in width x 7 cm in height), fixed to the sacrum, presenting hard consistency, and grown in the central portion of the sacral pressure sore. The histologic examination showed central fibrinoid necrosis, and vascular and atypical fibroblastic proliferations, and a diagnosis of ischemic fasciitis was made. Ischemic fasciitis is a rare benign proliferation of atypical fibroblasts that occurs in physically weak patients with reduced mobility. In the literature, the relationship between the use of NPWT on pressure ulcers and the development of ischemic fasciitis is, to the best of our knowledge, not described yet.
A Peculiar Case of Ischemic Fasciitis Appeared on a Pressure Ulcer after 10 Days of Negative Pressure Wound Therapy / Recchi, Vania; Peltristo, Benedetta; Talevi, Davide; Scalise, Alessandro; DI BENEDETTO, Giovanni Maria. - In: ARCHIVES OF PLASTIC SURGERY. - ISSN 2234-6163. - 49:5(2022), pp. 608-610. [10.1055/s-0042-1756288]