Simple SummaryProstate cancer (PCa) is one of the major cancers affecting men. Localized and loco-regional PCa is usually treated by radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, cryosurgery or with HIFU (High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound). Advanced or metastatic cancers are most often treated with androgen deprivation therapy, but too often such patients progress to lethal castration-resistant PCa. IL-6 plays a key role in prostate cancer but no data on ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), a member of interleukin-6 cytokine family, are known. We detected CNTF and its receptor CNTFR alpha in human androgen-responsive and in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) tissues. In addition, we showed that CNTF downregulated MMP-2 and GLUT-1 expression by MAPK/ERK, AKT/PI3K and Jak/STAT pathways in a CRPC in vitro model. This suggests a pivotal role of CNTF as negative modulator of invasion processes in this PCa model.Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) remains the most common diagnosed tumor and is the second-leading cause of cancer-related death in men. If the cancer is organ-confined it can be treated by various ablative therapies such as RP (radical prostatectomy), RT (radiation therapy), brachytherapy, cryosurgery or HIFU (High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound). However, advanced or metastatic PCa treatment requires systemic therapy involving androgen deprivation, but such patients typically progress to refractory disease designated as castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been established as a driver of prostate carcinogenesis and tumor progression while less is known about the role of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), a member of the IL-6 cytokine family in prostate cancer. Moreover, MAPK/ERK, AKT/PI3K and Jak/STAT pathways that regulate proliferative, invasive and glucose-uptake processes in cancer progression are triggered by CNTF. Methods: We investigate CNTF and its receptor CNTFR alpha expressions in human androgen-responsive and castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) by immunohistochemistry. Moreover, we investigated the role of CNTF in proliferative, invasive processes as well as glucose uptake using two cell models mimicking the PCa (LNCaP cell line) and CRPC (22Rv1 cell line). Conclusions: Our results showed that CNTF and CNTFRa were expressed in PCa and CRPC tissues and that CNTF has a pivotal role in prostate cancer environment remodeling and as a negative modulator of invasion processes of CRPC cell models.

Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor Modulates Multiple Downstream Signaling Pathways in Prostate Cancer Inhibiting Cell Invasiveness / Tossetta, Giovanni; Fantone, Sonia; Gesuita, Rosaria; Goteri, Gaia; Senzacqua, Martina; Marcheggiani, Fabio; Tiano, Luca; Marzioni, Daniela; Mazzucchelli, Roberta. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:23(2022), p. 5917. [10.3390/cancers14235917]

Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor Modulates Multiple Downstream Signaling Pathways in Prostate Cancer Inhibiting Cell Invasiveness

Tossetta, Giovanni;Fantone, Sonia;Gesuita, Rosaria;Goteri, Gaia;Senzacqua, Martina;Marcheggiani, Fabio;Tiano, Luca;Marzioni, Daniela
;
Mazzucchelli, Roberta
2022-01-01

Abstract

Simple SummaryProstate cancer (PCa) is one of the major cancers affecting men. Localized and loco-regional PCa is usually treated by radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, cryosurgery or with HIFU (High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound). Advanced or metastatic cancers are most often treated with androgen deprivation therapy, but too often such patients progress to lethal castration-resistant PCa. IL-6 plays a key role in prostate cancer but no data on ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), a member of interleukin-6 cytokine family, are known. We detected CNTF and its receptor CNTFR alpha in human androgen-responsive and in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) tissues. In addition, we showed that CNTF downregulated MMP-2 and GLUT-1 expression by MAPK/ERK, AKT/PI3K and Jak/STAT pathways in a CRPC in vitro model. This suggests a pivotal role of CNTF as negative modulator of invasion processes in this PCa model.Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) remains the most common diagnosed tumor and is the second-leading cause of cancer-related death in men. If the cancer is organ-confined it can be treated by various ablative therapies such as RP (radical prostatectomy), RT (radiation therapy), brachytherapy, cryosurgery or HIFU (High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound). However, advanced or metastatic PCa treatment requires systemic therapy involving androgen deprivation, but such patients typically progress to refractory disease designated as castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been established as a driver of prostate carcinogenesis and tumor progression while less is known about the role of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), a member of the IL-6 cytokine family in prostate cancer. Moreover, MAPK/ERK, AKT/PI3K and Jak/STAT pathways that regulate proliferative, invasive and glucose-uptake processes in cancer progression are triggered by CNTF. Methods: We investigate CNTF and its receptor CNTFR alpha expressions in human androgen-responsive and castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) by immunohistochemistry. Moreover, we investigated the role of CNTF in proliferative, invasive processes as well as glucose uptake using two cell models mimicking the PCa (LNCaP cell line) and CRPC (22Rv1 cell line). Conclusions: Our results showed that CNTF and CNTFRa were expressed in PCa and CRPC tissues and that CNTF has a pivotal role in prostate cancer environment remodeling and as a negative modulator of invasion processes of CRPC cell models.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/315008
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