Status epilepticus (SE) is a life-threatening condition and may have long-term negative sequelae. Short -and long-term outcomes encompass mortality, deterioration of functional status compared to baseline, refractoriness to treatment, recurrence of SE, and development of epilepsy, cognitive impairment, and behavioral disturbances. So far, the greatest amount of evidence is available for the prediction of short-term mortality. Conversely, the knowledge regarding long-term consequences among SE survivors is still scarce and several issues have not yet been resolved. The heterogeneity of SE renders the prognos-tication of outcomes challenging. Although aetiology is the main determinant of the outcome, different prognostic predictors have been identified. In this regard, data on group effects need to be integrated into prognostic scores to allow individual risk stratification. Importantly, many of the present scores are not designed to enable repetition to follow patient evolution. A new paradigm for the assessment of SE out-comes should consider variables that become available and/or can be retested during the course of SE. Neuroimaging findings, serum biomarkers, treatment characteristics, complications during SE, peri-ictal and postictal characteristics after SE cessation look as promising determinants of outcome and are suitable for inclusion in future models to enhance the quality and increase the reliability of predic-tion. This paper was presented at the 8th London-Innsbruck Colloquium on Status Epilepticus and Acute Seizures held in September 2022.(c) 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Clinical scores and clusters for prediction of outcomes in status epilepticus / Lattanzi, Simona; Trinka, Eugen; Brigo, Francesco; Meletti, Stefano. - In: EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR. - ISSN 1525-5069. - 140:(2023), p. 109110. [10.1016/j.yebeh.2023.109110]

Clinical scores and clusters for prediction of outcomes in status epilepticus

Lattanzi, Simona;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Status epilepticus (SE) is a life-threatening condition and may have long-term negative sequelae. Short -and long-term outcomes encompass mortality, deterioration of functional status compared to baseline, refractoriness to treatment, recurrence of SE, and development of epilepsy, cognitive impairment, and behavioral disturbances. So far, the greatest amount of evidence is available for the prediction of short-term mortality. Conversely, the knowledge regarding long-term consequences among SE survivors is still scarce and several issues have not yet been resolved. The heterogeneity of SE renders the prognos-tication of outcomes challenging. Although aetiology is the main determinant of the outcome, different prognostic predictors have been identified. In this regard, data on group effects need to be integrated into prognostic scores to allow individual risk stratification. Importantly, many of the present scores are not designed to enable repetition to follow patient evolution. A new paradigm for the assessment of SE out-comes should consider variables that become available and/or can be retested during the course of SE. Neuroimaging findings, serum biomarkers, treatment characteristics, complications during SE, peri-ictal and postictal characteristics after SE cessation look as promising determinants of outcome and are suitable for inclusion in future models to enhance the quality and increase the reliability of predic-tion. This paper was presented at the 8th London-Innsbruck Colloquium on Status Epilepticus and Acute Seizures held in September 2022.(c) 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/314488
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