The aim of our study was to assess the lung sequelae and clinical consequences 3 and 6 months after hospitalization for COVID-19 pneumonia in older patients. An observational study was conducted on 55 patients aged 65 years and older. Activities of daily living (ADL) and clinical frailty scale (CFS) were assessed at baseline and after 3 months. Both quantitative assessment at chest high-resolution computed tomography (CT) and semi-quantitative severity score (CTSS) were performed at baseline and after 3 and 6 months. Mean age: 82.3 +/- 7.1 years. Male prevalence: 56.4%. After 6 months, ground-glass opacities (GGO) were still detectable in 22% of subjects, while consolidations were no longer appreciable. During follow-up, CTSS reached an overall median score of zero after 6 months. Fibrotic-like changes were found in 40% of subjects with an overall median score of 0 (0-5) points, being more prevalent in males. Patients reporting worsening ADL and CFS were 10.9% and 45.5%, respectively. They were associated with the burden of comorbidities, especially history of heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at baseline. Amnesic disorders, exertional dyspnea, and fatigue were the most relevant symptoms reported. No association emerged between persistent or new-onset symptoms and evidence of fibrotic-like changes. The typical chest CT abnormalities of the COVID-19 pneumonia acute phase resolved in most of our older patients. Mild fibrotic-like changes persisted in less than half of the patients, especially males, without significantly affecting the functional status and frailty condition, which instead were more likely associated with pre-existing comorbidities.
Radiological lung sequelae, functional status and symptoms in older patients 3 and 6 months after hospitalization for COVID-19 pneumonia / Di Pentima, Chiara; Cecchini, Sara; Spannella, Francesco; Giulietti, Federico; Allevi, Massimiliano; Schiavi, Paola; Carnevali, Francesca; Zoppi, Lorenzo; Ciociola, Maria Carmela; Ventura, Fiammetta; Dragano, Gina; Giordano, Piero; Paci, Enrico; Sarzani, Riccardo. - In: INTERNAL AND EMERGENCY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1970-9366. - STAMPA. - (2023), pp. 1-11. [10.1007/s11739-023-03259-y]