Heavy traffic loads require the replacement of damaged pavements, so a huge amount of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) material is now available and must be recycled in order to avoid landfill and to achieve both environmental and economic benefits. The most common and profitable solution to reuse RAP is associated with the hot recycling technique, as it allows recovering both solid and binding components of RAP. Several factors influence the performance of hot recycled mix asphalt (HRMA). Among those, this paper focuses on the role played by the origin of the virgin bitumen, i.e. the oil-distillation process, and by the mixing temperature adopted during HRMA production. The objective was to evaluate the rheological properties of mixtures produced using a high amount of RAP (50%), two different rejuvenators, two mixing temperatures (140 degrees C or 170 degrees C) and two neat bitumen types derived from different distillation processes (visbreaker and straight-run). The results showed that the addition of RAP led to an increase in the dynamic modulus and a decrease in the phase angle, while the use of rejuvenators partly tended to rebalance these characteristics. The visbreaker bitumen showed a higher sensitivity to short-term aging than the straight-run, determining higher mix stiffness and lower viscous features. The higher mixing temperature also determined an increase in the complex modulus and a reduction in the phase angle as a result of the higher mobilization of the aged bitumen from the RAP.
Effect of Bitumen Production Process and Mix Heating Temperature on the Rheological Properties of Hot Recycled Mix Asphalt / Prosperi, E.; Bocci, E.; Bocci, M.. - In: SUSTAINABILITY. - ISSN 2071-1050. - 14:15(2022), p. 9677. [10.3390/su14159677]