The human-centered design (HCD) approach places humans at the center of design in order to improve both products and processes, and to give users an effective, efficient and satisfying interactive experience. In industrial design and engineering, HCD is very useful in helping to achieve the novel Industry 5.0 concept, based on improving workers' wellbeing by providing prosperity beyond jobs and growth, while respecting the production limits of the planet as recently promoted by the European Commission. In this context, the paper proposes an ergonomic assessment method based on the analysis of the workers' workload to support the design of industrial products and processes. This allows the simultaneous analysis of the physical and cognitive workload of operators while performing their tasks during their shift. The method uses a minimum set of non-invasive wearable devices to monitor human activity and physiological parameters, in addition to questionnaires for subjective self-assessment. The method has been preliminarily tested on a real industrial case in order to demonstrate how it can help companies to support the design of optimized products and processes promoting the workers' wellbeing.
A Preliminary Experimental Study on the Workers' Workload Assessment to Design Industrial Products and Processes / Brunzini, Agnese; Peruzzini, Margherita; Grandi, Fabio; Karim Khamaisi, Riccardo; Pellicciari, Marcello. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 11:24(2021), p. 12066. [10.3390/app112412066]