Simple Summary Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare neoplasms that often present upregulation of the mammalian rapamycin targeting pathway (mTOR) with consequent uncontrolled growth and proliferation. This pathway is also involved in the metabolism of adipose tissue and in the regulation of skeletal muscle synthesis. The mTOR therefore represents an attractive therapeutic target. Everolimus acts by selectively inhibiting the mTOR pathway with an antiproliferative effect. The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic and predictive role of body composition indices (muscle and adipose) in metastatic NETs patients treated with everolimus. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare neoplasms frequently characterized by an upregulation of the mammalian rapamycin targeting (mTOR) pathway resulting in uncontrolled cell proliferation. The mTOR pathway is also involved in skeletal muscle protein synthesis and in adipose tissue metabolism. Everolimus inhibits the mTOR pathway, resulting in blockade of cell growth and tumor progression. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of body composition indexes in patients with metastatic NETs treated with everolimus. The study population included 30 patients with well-differentiated (G1-G2), metastatic NETs treated with everolimus at the IRCCS Romagnolo Institute for the Study of Tumors (IRST) "Dino Amadori", Meldola (FC), Italy. The body composition indexes (skeletal muscle index [SMI] and adipose tissue indexes) were assessed by measuring on a computed tomography (CT) scan the cross-sectional area at L3 at baseline and at the first radiological assessment after the start of treatment. The body mass index (BMI) was assessed at baseline. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.4-13.7 months). The PFS stratified by tertiles was 3.2 months (95% CI: 0.9-10.1 months) in patients with low SMI (tertile 1), 14.2 months (95% CI: 2.3 months-not estimable [NE]) in patients with intermediate SMI (tertile 2), and 9.1 months (95% CI: 2.7 months-NE) in patients with high SMI (tertile 3) (p = 0.039). Similarly, the other body composition indexes also showed a statistically significant difference in the three groups on the basis of tertiles. The median PFS was 3.2 months (95% CI: 0.9-6.7 months) in underweight patients (BMI <= 18.49 kg/m(2)) and 10.1 months (95% CI: 3.7-28.4 months) in normal-weight patients (p = 0.011). There were no significant differences in terms of overall survival. The study showed a correlation between PFS and the body composition indexes in patients with NETs treated with everolimus, underlining the role of adipose and muscle tissue in these patients.

Prognostic and Predictive Role of Body Composition in Metastatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Patients Treated with Everolimus: A Real-World Data Analysis / Ranallo, Nicoletta; Iamurri, Andrea Prochoswski; Foca, Flavia; Liverani, Chiara; De Vita, Alessandro; Mercatali, Laura; Calabrese, Chiara; Spadazzi, Chiara; Fabbri, Carlo; Cavaliere, Davide; Galassi, Riccardo; Severi, Stefano; Sansovini, Maddalena; Tartaglia, Andreas; Pieri, Federica; Crudi, Laura; Bianchini, David; Barone, Domenico; Martinelli, Giovanni; Frassineti, Giovanni Luca; Ibrahim, Toni; Calabrò, Luana; Berardi, Rossana; Bongiovanni, Alberto. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:13(2022), p. 3231. [10.3390/cancers14133231]

Prognostic and Predictive Role of Body Composition in Metastatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Patients Treated with Everolimus: A Real-World Data Analysis

Berardi, Rossana;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Simple Summary Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare neoplasms that often present upregulation of the mammalian rapamycin targeting pathway (mTOR) with consequent uncontrolled growth and proliferation. This pathway is also involved in the metabolism of adipose tissue and in the regulation of skeletal muscle synthesis. The mTOR therefore represents an attractive therapeutic target. Everolimus acts by selectively inhibiting the mTOR pathway with an antiproliferative effect. The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic and predictive role of body composition indices (muscle and adipose) in metastatic NETs patients treated with everolimus. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare neoplasms frequently characterized by an upregulation of the mammalian rapamycin targeting (mTOR) pathway resulting in uncontrolled cell proliferation. The mTOR pathway is also involved in skeletal muscle protein synthesis and in adipose tissue metabolism. Everolimus inhibits the mTOR pathway, resulting in blockade of cell growth and tumor progression. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of body composition indexes in patients with metastatic NETs treated with everolimus. The study population included 30 patients with well-differentiated (G1-G2), metastatic NETs treated with everolimus at the IRCCS Romagnolo Institute for the Study of Tumors (IRST) "Dino Amadori", Meldola (FC), Italy. The body composition indexes (skeletal muscle index [SMI] and adipose tissue indexes) were assessed by measuring on a computed tomography (CT) scan the cross-sectional area at L3 at baseline and at the first radiological assessment after the start of treatment. The body mass index (BMI) was assessed at baseline. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.4-13.7 months). The PFS stratified by tertiles was 3.2 months (95% CI: 0.9-10.1 months) in patients with low SMI (tertile 1), 14.2 months (95% CI: 2.3 months-not estimable [NE]) in patients with intermediate SMI (tertile 2), and 9.1 months (95% CI: 2.7 months-NE) in patients with high SMI (tertile 3) (p = 0.039). Similarly, the other body composition indexes also showed a statistically significant difference in the three groups on the basis of tertiles. The median PFS was 3.2 months (95% CI: 0.9-6.7 months) in underweight patients (BMI <= 18.49 kg/m(2)) and 10.1 months (95% CI: 3.7-28.4 months) in normal-weight patients (p = 0.011). There were no significant differences in terms of overall survival. The study showed a correlation between PFS and the body composition indexes in patients with NETs treated with everolimus, underlining the role of adipose and muscle tissue in these patients.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/313099
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