Purpose Despite extensive research on cancer and work-related outcomes, evidence from longitudinal cohort studies is limited, especially in young women with breast cancer (BC). We aimed to investigate employment trajectories in young BC survivors and to identify potential factors associated with changes in work activity.Methods The HOHO European prospective multicenter cohort study enrolled 300 young women (<= 40 years) with newly diagnosed BC. Women completed surveys at baseline and every 6 months for 3 years, then yearly for up to 10 years to assess, among other variables, employment status, sociodemographic, medical, and treatment data. Symptoms were assessed by the Breast Cancer Prevention Trial symptom scales and single items from the Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System. Univariable and multivariable multinomial logistic regression analyses identified factors associated with changes in employment status.Results Among the 245 women included in this analysis, 85% were employed at the last individual post-baseline assessment (1 to 10 years). At 5 years, women had a 29.4% probability (95% CI: 23.6-35.5) of experiencing any reduction and a 14.9% probability (95% CI: 10.6-19.9) of experiencing any increase in work activities. Being enrolled in Switzerland (vs. Italy) and reporting more trouble in performing daily activities were significantly associated with work reduction.Conclusion Our results suggest that most young BC survivors remain employed in the long-term.Implications for Cancer Survivors Regular evaluation of symptoms which may interfere with daily life and identification of financial discomfort is critical in providing timely and individually tailored interventions and in limiting unwanted reductions in work activities.
Employment trajectories of young women with breast cancer: an ongoing prospective cohort study in Italy and Switzerland / Ribi, Karin; Pagan, Eleonora; Sala, Isabella; Ruggeri, Monica; Bianco, Nadia; Bucci, Eraldo Oreste; Graffeo, Rossella; Borner, Markus; Giordano, Monica; Gianni, Lorenzo; Rabaglio, Manuela; Freschi, Andrea; Cretella, Elisabetta; Seles, Elena; Farolfi, Alberto; Simoncini, Edda; Ciccarese, Mariangela; Rauch, Daniel; Favaretto, Adolfo; Glaus, Agnes; Berardi, Rossana; Franzetti-Pellanda, Alessandra; Bagnardi, Vincenzo; Gelber, Shari; Partridge, Ann H; Goldhirsch, Aron; Pagani, Olivia. - In: JOURNAL OF CANCER SURVIVORSHIP. - ISSN 1932-2259. - (2022). [10.1007/s11764-022-01222-y]