Many transportation infrastructures all around the world are facing new challenges in terms of ageing and loss of performance. The infrastructural asset managers are required to perform scrupulous control of the health condition of the infrastructures over time and to execute the required maintenance works. In this context, digital twin models of the infrastructures should have a key role to simplify and speed up the procedures for proper maintenance. This paper discusses the advantages of developing digital twin models for the management of infrastructures, with a focus on bridges. In particular, the role of dynamic tests performed on bridges for the development of digital twin models is addressed, paying attention to test procedures and requirements. Issues such as the quality of instrumentation, the numerosity, and layout of sensors, and the acquisition and post-processing procedures are addressed through applications to two real bridge case studies. Both infrastructures are multi-span pre-stressed RC bridges that were dynamically tested after the restoration and seismic upgrading works. Results of ambient vibration tests and operational modal analyses are described, providing an idea of dynamic test requirements, as well as their use within the framework of the digital twin model creation.
Operational Modal Analysis as a Support for the Development of Digital Twin Models of Bridges / Nicoletti, V.; Martini, R.; Carbonari, S.; Gara, F.. - In: INFRASTRUCTURES. - ISSN 2412-3811. - ELETTRONICO. - 8:2(2023), pp. 1-17. [10.3390/infrastructures8020024]