: Methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) is a ubiquitous transcriptional regulator. The study of this protein has been mainly focused on the central nervous system because alterations of its expression are associated with neurological disorders such as Rett syndrome. However, young patients with Rett syndrome also suffer from osteoporosis, suggesting a role of MeCP2 in the differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (hBMSCs), the precursors of osteoblasts and adipocytes. Here, we report an in vitro downregulation of MeCP2 in hBMSCs undergoing adipogenic differentiation (AD) and in adipocytes of human and rat bone marrow tissue samples. This modulation does not depend on MeCP2 DNA methylation nor on mRNA levels but on differentially expressed miRNAs during AD. MiRNA profiling revealed that miR-422a and miR-483-5p are upregulated in hBMSC-derived adipocytes compared to their precursors. MiR-483-5p, but not miR-422a, is also up-regulated in hBMSC-derived osteoblasts, suggesting a specific role of the latter in the adipogenic process. Experimental modulation of intracellular levels of miR-422a and miR-483-5p affected MeCP2 expression through direct interaction with its 3' UTR elements, and the adipogenic process. Accordingly, the knockdown of MeCP2 in hBMSCs through MeCP2-targeting shRNA lentiviral vectors increased the levels of adipogenesis-related genes. Finally, since adipocytes released a higher amount of miR-422a in culture medium compared to hBMSCs we analyzed the levels of circulating miR-422a in patients with osteoporosis-a condition characterized by increased marrow adiposity-demonstrating that its levels are negatively correlated with T- and Z-scores. Overall, our findings suggest that miR-422a has a role in hBMSC adipogenesis by downregulating MeCP2 and its circulating levels are associated with bone mass loss in primary osteoporosis.

MiR-422a promotes adipogenesis via MeCP2 downregulation in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells / Giuliani, Angelica; Sabbatinelli, Jacopo; Amatori, Stefano; Graciotti, Laura; Silvestrini, Andrea; Matacchione, Giulia; Ramini, Deborah; Mensà, Emanuela; Prattichizzo, Francesco; Babini, Lucia; Mattiucci, Domenico; Busilacchi, Elena Marinelli; Bacalini, Maria Giulia; Espinosa, Emma; Lattanzio, Fabrizia; Procopio, Antonio Domenico; Olivieri, Fabiola; Poloni, Antonella; Fanelli, Mirco; Rippo, Maria Rita. - In: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 1420-682X. - 80:3(2023), p. 75. [10.1007/s00018-023-04719-6]

MiR-422a promotes adipogenesis via MeCP2 downregulation in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells

Giuliani, Angelica
;
Sabbatinelli, Jacopo;Graciotti, Laura;Silvestrini, Andrea;Matacchione, Giulia;Ramini, Deborah;Mattiucci, Domenico;Busilacchi, Elena Marinelli;Espinosa, Emma;Procopio, Antonio Domenico;Olivieri, Fabiola;Poloni, Antonella;Rippo, Maria Rita
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) is a ubiquitous transcriptional regulator. The study of this protein has been mainly focused on the central nervous system because alterations of its expression are associated with neurological disorders such as Rett syndrome. However, young patients with Rett syndrome also suffer from osteoporosis, suggesting a role of MeCP2 in the differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (hBMSCs), the precursors of osteoblasts and adipocytes. Here, we report an in vitro downregulation of MeCP2 in hBMSCs undergoing adipogenic differentiation (AD) and in adipocytes of human and rat bone marrow tissue samples. This modulation does not depend on MeCP2 DNA methylation nor on mRNA levels but on differentially expressed miRNAs during AD. MiRNA profiling revealed that miR-422a and miR-483-5p are upregulated in hBMSC-derived adipocytes compared to their precursors. MiR-483-5p, but not miR-422a, is also up-regulated in hBMSC-derived osteoblasts, suggesting a specific role of the latter in the adipogenic process. Experimental modulation of intracellular levels of miR-422a and miR-483-5p affected MeCP2 expression through direct interaction with its 3' UTR elements, and the adipogenic process. Accordingly, the knockdown of MeCP2 in hBMSCs through MeCP2-targeting shRNA lentiviral vectors increased the levels of adipogenesis-related genes. Finally, since adipocytes released a higher amount of miR-422a in culture medium compared to hBMSCs we analyzed the levels of circulating miR-422a in patients with osteoporosis-a condition characterized by increased marrow adiposity-demonstrating that its levels are negatively correlated with T- and Z-scores. Overall, our findings suggest that miR-422a has a role in hBMSC adipogenesis by downregulating MeCP2 and its circulating levels are associated with bone mass loss in primary osteoporosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/312008
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