Purpose: To evaluate outcomes of flexible ureteroscopy for renal stones by comparing hard versus soft stones based on their attenuation on computed tomography (Hounsfield Units-HU). Methods: Patients were divided into two groups according to the type of laser employed [Holmium:YAG (HL) or Thulium fiber laser (TFL)]. Residual fragments (RF) were defined as > 2 mm. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate factors associated with RF and RF needing further intervention. Results: 4208 patients from 20 centers were included. In whole series, age, recurrent stones, stone size, lower pole stones (LPS), and multiple stones were predictors of RF at multivariable analysis and LPS and stone size with RF requiring further treatment. HU and TFL were associated with lesser RF and RF requiring an additional treatment. In HU < 1000 stones, recurrent stones, stone size, and LPS were predictors of RF at multivariable analysis, whereas TFL was less likely associated with RF. Recurrent stones, stone size, and multiple stones were predictors of RF requiring further treatment, while LPS and TFL were associated with lesser RF requiring further treatment. In HU ≥ 1000 stones, age, stone size, multiple stones, and LPS were predictors of RF at multivariable analysis, while TFL was less likely associated with RF. Stone size and LPS were predictors of RF requiring further treatment, whereas TFL was associated with RF requiring further treatment. Conclusion: Stone size, LPS, and use of HL are predictors of RF after RIRS for intrarenal stones regardless of stone density. HU should be considered an important parameter in predicting SFR.
Does Hounsfield Unit have any significance in predicting intra and postoperative outcomes in retrograde intrarenal surgery using holmium and Thulium fiber laser? A critical analysis of results from the FLEXible ureteroscopy Outcomes Registry (FLEXOR) / Ong Lay Keat, William; Kumar Somani, Bhaskar; Pietropaolo, Amelia; Hall Chew, Ben; Ann Chai, Chu; Inoue, Takaaki; Ragoori, Deepak; Biligere, Sarvajit; Galosi, Andrea Benedetto; Pavia, MARIA PIA; Milanese, Giulio; Ahn, Thomas; More, Sumit; Sarica, Kemal; Traxer, Olivier; Yuen-Chun Teoh, Jeremy; Gauhar, Vineet; Castellani, Daniele. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF UROLOGY. - ISSN 1433-8726. - (2023). [10.1007/s00345-023-04362-7]