Background: Muscular‐activity timing is useful information that is extractable from surface EMG signals (sEMG). However, a reference method is not available yet. The aim of this study is to investigate the reliability of a novel machine‐learning‐based approach (DEMANN) in detecting the onset/offset timing of muscle activation from sEMG signals. Methods: A dataset of 2880 simulated sEMG signals, stratified for signal‐to‐noise ratio (SNR) and time support, was generated to train a hidden single‐layer fully‐connected neural network. DEMANN’s performance was evaluated on simulated sEMG signals and two different datasets of real sEMG signals. DEMANN was validated against different reference algorithms, including the acknowledged double‐threshold statistical algorithm (DT). Results: DEMANN provided a reliable prediction of muscle onset/offset in simulated and real sEMG signals, being minimally affected by SNR variability. When directly compared with state‐of‐the‐art algorithms, DEMANN introduced relevant improvements in prediction performances. Conclusions: These outcomes support DEMANN’s reliability in assessing onset/offset events in different motor tasks and the condition of signal quality (different SNR), improving reference‐algorithm performances. Unlike other works, DEMANN’s adopts a machine learning approach where a neural network is trained by only simulated sEMG signals, avoiding the possible complications and costs associated with a typical experimental procedure, making this approach suitable to clinical practice.

Machine Learning for Detection of Muscular Activity from Surface EMG Signals / Di Nardo, F.; Nocera, A.; Cucchiarelli, A.; Fioretti, S.; Morbidoni, C.. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - 22:9(2022). [10.3390/s22093393]

Machine Learning for Detection of Muscular Activity from Surface EMG Signals

Di Nardo F.
Primo
;
Cucchiarelli A.;Fioretti S.
Penultimo
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Muscular‐activity timing is useful information that is extractable from surface EMG signals (sEMG). However, a reference method is not available yet. The aim of this study is to investigate the reliability of a novel machine‐learning‐based approach (DEMANN) in detecting the onset/offset timing of muscle activation from sEMG signals. Methods: A dataset of 2880 simulated sEMG signals, stratified for signal‐to‐noise ratio (SNR) and time support, was generated to train a hidden single‐layer fully‐connected neural network. DEMANN’s performance was evaluated on simulated sEMG signals and two different datasets of real sEMG signals. DEMANN was validated against different reference algorithms, including the acknowledged double‐threshold statistical algorithm (DT). Results: DEMANN provided a reliable prediction of muscle onset/offset in simulated and real sEMG signals, being minimally affected by SNR variability. When directly compared with state‐of‐the‐art algorithms, DEMANN introduced relevant improvements in prediction performances. Conclusions: These outcomes support DEMANN’s reliability in assessing onset/offset events in different motor tasks and the condition of signal quality (different SNR), improving reference‐algorithm performances. Unlike other works, DEMANN’s adopts a machine learning approach where a neural network is trained by only simulated sEMG signals, avoiding the possible complications and costs associated with a typical experimental procedure, making this approach suitable to clinical practice.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/310528
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