Background: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) for patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy is associated with reduced length of stay (LOS) and morbidity. However, external validating of the impact is difficult due to the multimodal aspects of ERAS. This study aimed to assess implementation of ERAS for pancreatoduodenectomy with a composite measure of multiple ideal outcome indicators defined as 'textbook outcome' (TBO).Methods: In a tertiary referral center, 250 patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy were included in ERAS (May 2012-January 2017) and compared to a cohort of 125 patients undergoing traditional perioperative management (November 2009-April 2012). TBO was defined as proportion of patients without prolonged LOS, Clavien-Dindo >= III complications, postoperative pancreatic fistula, postpancreatectomy hemorrhage, bile leakage, readmissions or 30-day/in-hospital mortality. Additionally, overall treatment costs were calculated and compared using bootstrap independent t-test.Results: The two cohorts were comparable in terms of demographic and surgical details. Implementation of ERAS was associated with reduced median LOS (10 days vs 13 days, p < 0.001) and comparable overall complication rate (62.0% vs 61.6%, p = 0.940) when compared to the traditional management group. In addition, a higher proportion of patients achieved TBO (56.4% vs 44.0%, p = 0.023) when treated according to ERAS principles. Furthermore, ERAS was associated with reduced mean total costs (18132 pound vs 19385 pound, p < 0.005).Conclusion: Implementation of ERAS for patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy is beneficial for both patients and hospitals. ERAS increased the proportion of patients achieving TBO and reduced overall costs. TBO is a potential measure for the evaluation of ERAS. Crown Copyright (c) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of IAP and EPC. All rights reserved.
Implementation of enhanced recovery after surgery for pancreatoduodenectomy increases the proportion of patients achieving textbook outcome: A retrospective cohort study / Lof, Sanne; Benedetti Cacciaguerra, Andrea; Aljarrah, Raed; Okorocha, Chiemezie; Jaber, Bashar; Shamali, Awad; Clarke, Hannah; Armstrong, Thomas; Takhar, Arjun; Hamady, Zaed; Abu Hilal, Mohammed. - In: PANCREATOLOGY. - ISSN 1424-3903. - 20:5(2020), pp. 976-983. [10.1016/j.pan.2020.05.018]