This paper describes a methodology to optimize the home sensor network to measure the Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) of older people using Machine Learning (ML) applied to synthetic data generated via a newly developed Smart Living Environment (SLE) simulation tool. A home sensor network consisting of Passive InfraRed (PIR) and door sensors allows people to age in place, avoiding invasiveness of the technology by keeping track of the older users' behaviour and health conditions. However, it is difficult to identify a priori the optimal sensor network configuration to measure users' behaviour. To ensure better user acceptability without losing measurement accuracy, the authors proposed a methodology to optimize the home sensor network consisting of simulating human activities, and therefore sensor activations, in the reconstructed SLE and analysing the datasets generated through ML. Four ML classifiers, namely the Decision Tree (DT), Gaussian Naive Bayes (GNB), Support Vector Machine (SVM) and K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN), were tested to measure the accuracy of ADL classification. Optimization analysis was made, providing the most suitable home sensor network configuration for two home environment case studies by exploiting the DT classifier results, as it proved to achieve the highest mean accuracy (over 94%) in measuring ADLs.

Using a Smart Living Environment Simulation Tool and Machine Learning to Optimize the Home Sensor Network Configuration for Measuring the Activities of Daily Living of Older People

Naccarelli, R;Casaccia, S;Pirozzi, M;Revel, GM
2022-01-01

Abstract

This paper describes a methodology to optimize the home sensor network to measure the Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) of older people using Machine Learning (ML) applied to synthetic data generated via a newly developed Smart Living Environment (SLE) simulation tool. A home sensor network consisting of Passive InfraRed (PIR) and door sensors allows people to age in place, avoiding invasiveness of the technology by keeping track of the older users' behaviour and health conditions. However, it is difficult to identify a priori the optimal sensor network configuration to measure users' behaviour. To ensure better user acceptability without losing measurement accuracy, the authors proposed a methodology to optimize the home sensor network consisting of simulating human activities, and therefore sensor activations, in the reconstructed SLE and analysing the datasets generated through ML. Four ML classifiers, namely the Decision Tree (DT), Gaussian Naive Bayes (GNB), Support Vector Machine (SVM) and K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN), were tested to measure the accuracy of ADL classification. Optimization analysis was made, providing the most suitable home sensor network configuration for two home environment case studies by exploiting the DT classifier results, as it proved to achieve the highest mean accuracy (over 94%) in measuring ADLs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/309643
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