The success of wound treatment is conditioned by the combination of both suitable active ingredients and formulation. Grape seed extract (GSE), a waste by-product obtained by grape processing, is a natural source rich in many phenolic compounds responsible for antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities and for this reason useful to be used in a wound care product. Bioadhesive polymeric patches have been realized by combining acacia gum (AG) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). Prototypes were prepared by considering different AG/PVP ratios and the most suitable in terms of mechanical and bioadhesion properties resulted in the 9.5/1.0 ratio. This patch was loaded with GSE combined with cyclic dextrin (CD) to obtain the molecular dispersion of the active ingredient in the dried formulation. The loaded patch resulted mechanically resistant and able to release GSE by a sustained mechanism reaching concentrations able to stimulate keratinocytes' growth, to exert both antibacterial and antioxidant activities.
Wound Dressing: Combination of Acacia Gum/PVP/Cyclic Dextrin in Bioadhesive Patches Loaded with Grape Seed Extract / Pagano, Cinzia; Luzi, Francesca; Ricci, Maurizio; Michele, Alessandro Di; Puglia, Debora; Ceccarini, Maria Rachele; Beccari, Tommaso; Blasi, Francesca; Cossignani, Lina; Schoubben, Aurélie; Primavilla, Sara; Iborra, César Antonio Viseras; Perioli, Luana. - In: PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 1999-4923. - 14:3(2022), p. 485. [10.3390/pharmaceutics14030485]