The first wave of COVID-19 arrived in Italy in February 2020 severely hitting the northern regions and delineating sharp differences across the country, from North to South. The Marche Region (central Italy) is a good example of such uneven distribution of contagion and casualties. This paper discusses the spatial diffusion of COVID-19 during the spring of 2020 in the five provinces of Marche and discusses it by means of descriptive and quantitative analysis of local socio-economic variables. Results show that the high impact of COVID-19 in Pesaro and Urbino, the northernmost province of Marche, might be reasonably attributable to higher mobility of local residents, especially northbound. Similarly, the larger contagion among the elderly in the center and norther provinces, is possibly due to a high number of hospices and seniors' residential facilities. Finally, the North-to-South diffusion of the virus can be explained by the Region's transportation infrastructures and urban layout along the coastal area.

The role of the socio-economic context in the spread of the first wave of COVID-19 in the Marche Region (central Italy)

Gioia, Eleonora;Colocci, Alessandra;Casareale, Cristina;Marchetti, Noemi;Marincioni, Fausto
2022

Abstract

The first wave of COVID-19 arrived in Italy in February 2020 severely hitting the northern regions and delineating sharp differences across the country, from North to South. The Marche Region (central Italy) is a good example of such uneven distribution of contagion and casualties. This paper discusses the spatial diffusion of COVID-19 during the spring of 2020 in the five provinces of Marche and discusses it by means of descriptive and quantitative analysis of local socio-economic variables. Results show that the high impact of COVID-19 in Pesaro and Urbino, the northernmost province of Marche, might be reasonably attributable to higher mobility of local residents, especially northbound. Similarly, the larger contagion among the elderly in the center and norther provinces, is possibly due to a high number of hospices and seniors' residential facilities. Finally, the North-to-South diffusion of the virus can be explained by the Region's transportation infrastructures and urban layout along the coastal area.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/307765
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