Geographical and temporal differences of microplastic occurrence were documented in water and fish collected in 2017 and 2019 from the Giglio Island (North Tyrrhenian Sea) close to the area where the Costa Concordia sank in January 2012. Results on water samples showed a site-dependent difference, suggesting the role of surface current dynamics in the microplastic local distribution, while tested Neuston nets (200 μm and 330 μm mesh size) did not influence microplastic retention efficiency. Fish exhibited in 2019 a higher frequency of specimens positive to microplastic ingestion with respect to 2017, with an occurrence higher than those typically observed in other Mediterranean areas. Both in water and fish, fragments were the dominating shape, polypropylene and polyethylene were the prevalent polymers, without particular difference between sites and years. This study highlights the importance of applying microplastic investigation in biotic and abiotic matrices for an effective monitoring of this pollution in the marine environment.
Microplastics in seawater and marine organisms: Site-specific variations over two-year study in Giglio Island (North Tyrrhenian Sea) / Pittura, Lucia; Garaventa, Francesca; Costa, Elisa; Minetti, Roberta; Nardi, Alessandro; Ventura, Lucia; Morgana, Silvia; Capello, Marco; Ungherese, Giuseppe; Regoli, Francesco; Gorbi, Stefania. - In: MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN. - ISSN 0025-326X. - 181:(2022), p. 113916. [10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.113916]