This work proposes a microwave-based synthetic route for the preparation of tin nanospheres with a diamond-like α-phase structure on silicon. The main characteristics of the synthesized material are an extraordinarily narrow (around 50 meV) direct bandgap and an improved thermal stability (up to 200° C). Structural and compositional characterizations showed a core–shell structure comprised of an outer amorphous oxide shell and inner core containing α-phase tin domains. Microwaves turned out to be instrumental in achieving the specific nanostructures reported, due to their peculiar heating characteristics. Low pressure, low temperature and compatibility with integrated circuits manufacturing represent the most innovative features of the present synthetic process.
Microwave driven synthesis of narrow bandgap alpha-tin nanoparticles on silicon / Mazzetta, I.; Viti, L.; Rigoni, F.; Quaranta, S.; Gasparotto, A.; Barucca, G.; Palma, F.; Riello, P.; Cattaruzza, E.; Asgari, M.; Vitiello, M.; Irrera, F.. - In: MATERIALS & DESIGN. - ISSN 0264-1275. - ELETTRONICO. - 217:(2022), p. 110632. [10.1016/j.matdes.2022.110632]