The seismic assessment of existing bridges is of the utmost importance to characterise the main structural deficiencies, estimate the risk, prioritise retrofit interventions, or estimate losses and repair costs in case of earthquakes. The above tasks require information on the damage mechanisms likely to occur as well as on the damage extent over the structure. Such types of information are generally not provided by classical fragility analysis, which is mainly focused on the evaluation of the global performance of the bridge. In this paper, a systematic probabilistic methodology for the evaluation of bridge fragility is proposed. The methodology aims at offering insight into the failure mechanisms most likely to occur and the evolution and extent of damage within the bridge structure. First, a mathematical description of the proposed analysis methods is given, then an application to a realistic case study—a reinforced concrete multi-span simply supported deck link-slab bridge—is provided to illustrate the applicability of the tool. A nonlinear 3D finite element model is developed, and a multiple-stripe (nonlinear dynamic) analysis is performed by using a stochastic bidirectional seismic input. The results highlight the suitability of the proposed methodology to reveal the main structural deficiencies, the relations among different failure mechanisms (involving piers, bearings, abutments, etc.), and the expected damage extent.

Innovative Fragility-Based Method for Failure Mechanisms and Damage Extension Analysis of Bridges

Carbonari S.;Gara F.;
2022

Abstract

The seismic assessment of existing bridges is of the utmost importance to characterise the main structural deficiencies, estimate the risk, prioritise retrofit interventions, or estimate losses and repair costs in case of earthquakes. The above tasks require information on the damage mechanisms likely to occur as well as on the damage extent over the structure. Such types of information are generally not provided by classical fragility analysis, which is mainly focused on the evaluation of the global performance of the bridge. In this paper, a systematic probabilistic methodology for the evaluation of bridge fragility is proposed. The methodology aims at offering insight into the failure mechanisms most likely to occur and the evolution and extent of damage within the bridge structure. First, a mathematical description of the proposed analysis methods is given, then an application to a realistic case study—a reinforced concrete multi-span simply supported deck link-slab bridge—is provided to illustrate the applicability of the tool. A nonlinear 3D finite element model is developed, and a multiple-stripe (nonlinear dynamic) analysis is performed by using a stochastic bidirectional seismic input. The results highlight the suitability of the proposed methodology to reveal the main structural deficiencies, the relations among different failure mechanisms (involving piers, bearings, abutments, etc.), and the expected damage extent.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/306621
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