BACKGROUND: Cutaneous CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) are a spectrum of disease associated with a favourable prognosis. Systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), although morphologically and phenotypically similar, differs in clinical presentation and has a less favourable biological behaviour. Dysregulation of apoptosis, the process regulating cell population by programmed death, can explain the differences among these disorders. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the expression of two inhibitors of apoptosis, survivin and Bcl-2 protein, in serial skin lesion samples from CD30+ LPDs compared with systemic ALCL. METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis with antibodies against anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-1 protein, survivin and Bcl-2 protein was performed in 10 cutaneous CD30+ LPDs (five lymphomatoid papulosis, five ALCL) and 18 systemic ALCLs. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction studies for ALK and ALK/nucleophosmin were also performed. RESULTS: Cutaneous CD30+ LPDs shared a heterogeneous expression of cytoplasmic survivin with all systemic ALCLs, and of Bcl-2 with systemic ALK- ALCLs; however, they differ from systemic ALK- ALCLs because they lack nuclear survivin (P = 0.045), and from systemic ALK+ ALCLs by a higher expression of Bcl-2 (P = 0.045) and a lack of ALK-1. Overall, coexpression of Bcl-2 and nuclear survivin in CD30+ LPDs was associated with a less favourable disease survival. CONCLUSIONS: The different patterns of expression of Bcl-2 and survivin in CD30+ LPDs might have an impact on their different biological and clinical behaviour. Moreover, nuclear localization of survivin, similarly to ALK, may be a useful marker for predicting a systemic form of ALCL with cutaneous presentation.
Differences in survivin localization and Bcl-2 expression in CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorderd of the skin compared to systemic anaplastic large cell lymphomas: an immunohistochemical study / Goteri, Gaia; Simonetti, Oriana; Rupoli, S.; Piccinini, G.; Rubini, Corrado; Stramazzotti, Daniela; Fazioli, Francesca; Capomagi, C.; Leoni, Pietro; Offidani, Annamaria; Lo Muzio, L.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-0963. - 157:1(2007), pp. 41-48. [10.1111/j.1365-2133.2007.07933.x]