Lithium metal batteries (LMBs) with nickel-rich cathodes are promising candidates for next-generation, high-energy batteries. However, the highly reactive electrodes usually exhibit poor interfacial compatibility with conventional electrolytes, leading to limited cyclability. Herein, a locally concentrated ionic liquid electrolyte (LCILE) consisting of lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (EmimFSI), and 1,2-difluorobenzene (dFBn) is designed to overcome this challenge. As a cosolvent, dFBn not only promotes the Li+ transport with respect to the electrolyte based on the ionic liquid only, but also has beneficial effects on the electrode/electrolyte interphases (EEIs) on lithium metal anodes (LMAs) and LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 (NMC811) cathodes. As a result, the developed LCILE enables dendrite-free cycling of LMAs with a coulombic efficiency (CE) up to 99.57% at 0.5 mA cm(-2) and highly stable cycling of Li/NMC811 cells (4.4 V) at C/3 charge and 1 C discharge (1 C = 2 mA cm(-2)) for 500 cycles with a capacity retention of 93%. In contrast, the dFBn-free electrolyte achieves lithium stripping/plating CE, and the Li/NMC811 cells' capacity retention of only 98.22% and 16%, respectively under the same conditions. The insight into the coordination structure, promoted Li+ transport, and EEI characteristics gives fundamental information essential for further developing (IL-based) electrolytes for long-life, high-energy LMBs.

Difluorobenzene-Based Locally Concentrated Ionic Liquid Electrolyte Enabling Stable Cycling of Lithium Metal Batteries with Nickel-Rich Cathode

Mariani, A
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Lithium metal batteries (LMBs) with nickel-rich cathodes are promising candidates for next-generation, high-energy batteries. However, the highly reactive electrodes usually exhibit poor interfacial compatibility with conventional electrolytes, leading to limited cyclability. Herein, a locally concentrated ionic liquid electrolyte (LCILE) consisting of lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (EmimFSI), and 1,2-difluorobenzene (dFBn) is designed to overcome this challenge. As a cosolvent, dFBn not only promotes the Li+ transport with respect to the electrolyte based on the ionic liquid only, but also has beneficial effects on the electrode/electrolyte interphases (EEIs) on lithium metal anodes (LMAs) and LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 (NMC811) cathodes. As a result, the developed LCILE enables dendrite-free cycling of LMAs with a coulombic efficiency (CE) up to 99.57% at 0.5 mA cm(-2) and highly stable cycling of Li/NMC811 cells (4.4 V) at C/3 charge and 1 C discharge (1 C = 2 mA cm(-2)) for 500 cycles with a capacity retention of 93%. In contrast, the dFBn-free electrolyte achieves lithium stripping/plating CE, and the Li/NMC811 cells' capacity retention of only 98.22% and 16%, respectively under the same conditions. The insight into the coordination structure, promoted Li+ transport, and EEI characteristics gives fundamental information essential for further developing (IL-based) electrolytes for long-life, high-energy LMBs.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/306378
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact