Cartwright (Synthese 121(1/2):3-27, 1999a; The dappled world, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999b) attacked the view that causal relations conform to the Markov condition by providing a counterexample in which a common cause does not screen off its effects: the prominent chemical factory. In this paper we suggest a new way to handle counterexamples to Markov causation such as the chemical factory. We argue that Cartwright's as well as similar scenarios (such as decay processes, EPR/B experiments, or spontaneous macro breaking processes) feature a certain kind of non-causal dependence that kicks in once the common cause occurs. We then develop a representation of this specific kind of non-causal dependence that allows for modeling the problematic scenarios in such a way that the Markov condition is not violated anymore.
A new proposal how to handle counterexamples to Markov causation à la Cartwright, or: fixing the chemical factory / Gebharter, Alexander; Retzlaff, Nina. - In: SYNTHESE. - ISSN 0039-7857. - 197:4(2020), pp. 1467-1486. [10.1007/s11229-018-02014-7]