Dental remineralization represents the process of depositing calcium and phosphate ions into crystal voids in demineralized enamel, producing net mineral gain and preventing early enamel lesions progression. The aim of the present study was to qualitatively and quantitatively compare the remineralizing effectiveness of four commercially available agents on enamel artificial lesions using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) combined with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. Thirty-six extracted third molars were collected and randomly assigned to six groups (n = 6), five of which were suspended in demineralizing solution for 72 h to create enamel artificial lesions, and one serving as control: G1, treated with a mousse of casein phosphopeptide and amorphous calcium-phosphate (CPP-ACP); G2, treated with a gel containing nano-hydroxyapatite; G3, treated with a 5% SF varnish; G4, treated with a toothpaste containing ACP functionalized with fluoride and carbonate-coated with citrate; G5, not-treated artificial enamel lesions; G6, not demineralized and not treated sound enamel. G1-G4 were subjected to pH cycling over a period of seven days. Analyses of the specimens' enamel surfaces morphology were performed by SEM and EDS. Data were statistically analyzed for multiple group comparison by one-way ANOVA/Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The results show that the Ca/P ratio of the G5 (2.00 +/- 0.07) was statistically different (p < 0.05) from G1 (1.73 +/- 0.05), G2 (1.76 +/- 0.01), G3 (1.88 +/- 0.06) and G6 (1.74 +/- 0.04), while there were no differences (p > 0.05) between G1, G2 and G6 and between G4 (2.01 +/- 0.06) and G5. We concluded that G1 and G2 showed better surface remineralization than G3 and G4, after 7 days of treatment.

Remineralization Efficacy of Four Remineralizing Agents on Artificial Enamel Lesions: SEM-EDS Investigation

Vitiello, Flavia;Tosco, Vincenzo;Monterubbianesi, Riccardo;Orilisi, Giulia;Gatto, Maria Laura;Sparabombe, Scilla;Mengucci, Paolo;Putignano, Angelo;Orsini, Giovanna
2022

Abstract

Dental remineralization represents the process of depositing calcium and phosphate ions into crystal voids in demineralized enamel, producing net mineral gain and preventing early enamel lesions progression. The aim of the present study was to qualitatively and quantitatively compare the remineralizing effectiveness of four commercially available agents on enamel artificial lesions using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) combined with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. Thirty-six extracted third molars were collected and randomly assigned to six groups (n = 6), five of which were suspended in demineralizing solution for 72 h to create enamel artificial lesions, and one serving as control: G1, treated with a mousse of casein phosphopeptide and amorphous calcium-phosphate (CPP-ACP); G2, treated with a gel containing nano-hydroxyapatite; G3, treated with a 5% SF varnish; G4, treated with a toothpaste containing ACP functionalized with fluoride and carbonate-coated with citrate; G5, not-treated artificial enamel lesions; G6, not demineralized and not treated sound enamel. G1-G4 were subjected to pH cycling over a period of seven days. Analyses of the specimens' enamel surfaces morphology were performed by SEM and EDS. Data were statistically analyzed for multiple group comparison by one-way ANOVA/Tukey's test (p < 0.05). The results show that the Ca/P ratio of the G5 (2.00 +/- 0.07) was statistically different (p < 0.05) from G1 (1.73 +/- 0.05), G2 (1.76 +/- 0.01), G3 (1.88 +/- 0.06) and G6 (1.74 +/- 0.04), while there were no differences (p > 0.05) between G1, G2 and G6 and between G4 (2.01 +/- 0.06) and G5. We concluded that G1 and G2 showed better surface remineralization than G3 and G4, after 7 days of treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/305900
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