Background: This retrospective propensity matched study investigated the impact of age on the survival benefit from a second arterial conduit to the left-sided circulation. Methods: Data for isolated coronary artery bypass surgery were collected from October 2004 to March 2014. All patients with an internal mammary artery graft to left anterior descending artery and additional arterial or venous graft to the circumflex circulation were included. Propensity matching was used to balance co-variates and generate odds of death for each observation. Odds ratios (venous vs. arterial) were charted against age. Results: The in-hospital mortality rate was 1.12% (arterial) vs. 1.24% (venous) (p = 0.77). The overall 10-year survival was 74.6% (venous) vs. 82.6% (arterial) (p = 0.001). A total of 1226 patients were successfully matched to the venous or arterial (second conduit to circumflex territory after left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending artery) cohorts. Odds ratio for death (venous to arterial) showed a linear decremental overall survival benefit for the second arterial graft to circumflex circulation with increasing age. Conclusions: The survival benefit of a second arterial graft persists through all age groups with a gradual decline with increasing age over the decades. Elderly patients should not be denied a second arterial graft to the circumflex circulation based on age criterion alone.

Survival benefit from a second arterial conduit to the circumflex circulation persists in elderly after coronary artery bypass surgery

Malvindi P. G.;
2021

Abstract

Background: This retrospective propensity matched study investigated the impact of age on the survival benefit from a second arterial conduit to the left-sided circulation. Methods: Data for isolated coronary artery bypass surgery were collected from October 2004 to March 2014. All patients with an internal mammary artery graft to left anterior descending artery and additional arterial or venous graft to the circumflex circulation were included. Propensity matching was used to balance co-variates and generate odds of death for each observation. Odds ratios (venous vs. arterial) were charted against age. Results: The in-hospital mortality rate was 1.12% (arterial) vs. 1.24% (venous) (p = 0.77). The overall 10-year survival was 74.6% (venous) vs. 82.6% (arterial) (p = 0.001). A total of 1226 patients were successfully matched to the venous or arterial (second conduit to circumflex territory after left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending artery) cohorts. Odds ratio for death (venous to arterial) showed a linear decremental overall survival benefit for the second arterial graft to circumflex circulation with increasing age. Conclusions: The survival benefit of a second arterial graft persists through all age groups with a gradual decline with increasing age over the decades. Elderly patients should not be denied a second arterial graft to the circumflex circulation based on age criterion alone.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/301666
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