Purpose: To evaluate choroidal vascularity index (CVI) in patients developing mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor-associated retinopathy (MEKAR). Methods: In this prospective observational study, extensive ophthalmic examination was performed, including enhanced-depth-imaging-optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). EDI-OCT scans of patients receiving Cobimetinib, taken at baseline and at MEKAR manifestation, were considered for choroid analysis. Choroidal thickness (CT) was measured on high-resolution b-scans passing through the fovea at three different locations. Same scans were therefore imported for binarization into a previously reported software and CVI was calculated as the ratio of luminal area (LA) to total choroid area (TCA). Results: When compared to baseline, eyes with MEKAR (14 eyes) did not show significative CT variation in subfoveal region (p = 0,57), 750-µm-nasal to the fovea (p = 0,08) and 750-µm-temporal to the fovea (p = 0,07). Similarly, there were no statistically significant differences for TCA (p = 0.54), LA (p = 0.85), stromal area (SA) (p = 0.13), LA/SA (p = 0.34) and CVI (p = 0.47). Best-corrected visual acuity was significantly reduced at fluid accumulation when compared to baseline values (p = 0.03), with complete recovery after fluid resolution (p = 0.73). Conclusion: Multiple parameters reflecting the status of the choroid seemed not influenced by Cobimetinib administration. Retinal pigment epithelium toxic disfunction likely represents the crucial step in MEKAR pathogenesis.

Choroidal vasculature analysis in MEK inhibitor-associated retinopathy

Cerquaglia A.;Lupidi M.;Fiore T.;Simonetti E.;Cagini C.
2022

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate choroidal vascularity index (CVI) in patients developing mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor-associated retinopathy (MEKAR). Methods: In this prospective observational study, extensive ophthalmic examination was performed, including enhanced-depth-imaging-optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). EDI-OCT scans of patients receiving Cobimetinib, taken at baseline and at MEKAR manifestation, were considered for choroid analysis. Choroidal thickness (CT) was measured on high-resolution b-scans passing through the fovea at three different locations. Same scans were therefore imported for binarization into a previously reported software and CVI was calculated as the ratio of luminal area (LA) to total choroid area (TCA). Results: When compared to baseline, eyes with MEKAR (14 eyes) did not show significative CT variation in subfoveal region (p = 0,57), 750-µm-nasal to the fovea (p = 0,08) and 750-µm-temporal to the fovea (p = 0,07). Similarly, there were no statistically significant differences for TCA (p = 0.54), LA (p = 0.85), stromal area (SA) (p = 0.13), LA/SA (p = 0.34) and CVI (p = 0.47). Best-corrected visual acuity was significantly reduced at fluid accumulation when compared to baseline values (p = 0.03), with complete recovery after fluid resolution (p = 0.73). Conclusion: Multiple parameters reflecting the status of the choroid seemed not influenced by Cobimetinib administration. Retinal pigment epithelium toxic disfunction likely represents the crucial step in MEKAR pathogenesis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/300725
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