Aims: To define the peculiar features of patients with the deletion of the chromosome 20 long arm (del20q), data from 69 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) and isolated del20q, followed by the Gruppo Romano-Laziale Sindromi Mielodisplastiche (GROM-L) and Ospedale Torrette of Ancona, were collected and compared with those of 502 MDS patients with normal karyotype (NK-MDS). Results: Compared to the NK-MDS group, patients with del20q at diagnosis were older (p = 0.020) and mainly male (p = 0.006). They also had a higher rate of bone marrow blast < 5% (p = 0.004), a higher proportion of low and int-1 risk according to IPSS score (p = 0.023), and lower median platelet (PLT) count (p < 0.001). To date, in the del20q cohort, 21 patients (30.4%) received no treatment, 42 (61.0%) were treated with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA), 3 (4.3%) with hypomethylating agents, and 3 (4.3%) with other treatments. Among 34 patients evaluable for response to ESA, 21 (61.7%) achieved stable erythroid response according to IWG 2006 criteria and 13 (38.2%) were resistant. Nine patients (13.0%) progressed to acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) after a median time from diagnosis of 28 months (IR 4.1–51.7). The median overall survival (OS) of the entire cohort was 60.6 months (95% CI 54.7–66.4). the 5-year cumulative OS was 55.9% (95% CI 40.6–71.2). Conclusion: According to our results, we hypothesize that MDSs with isolated del 20q may represent a distinct biological entity, with peculiar clinical and prognostic features. The physio-pathological mechanisms underlying the deletion of the chromosome 20 long arm are still unclear and warrant future molecular analysis.
Myelodysplastic Syndromes with Isolated 20q Deletion: A New Clinical–Biological Entity? / Campagna, A.; De Benedittis, D.; Fianchi, L.; Scalzulli, E.; Rizzo, L.; Niscola, P.; Piccioni, A. L.; Di Veroli, A.; Mancini, S.; Villiva, N.; Martini, T.; Mohamed, S.; Carmosino, I.; Criscuolo, M.; Fenu, S.; Spiriti, M. A. A.; Buccisano, F.; Mancini, M.; Tafuri, A.; Breccia, M.; Poloni, A.; Latagliata, R.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:9(2022), p. 2596. [10.3390/jcm11092596]