The drug abuse epidemic within the United States remains one of the nation’s most serious social challenges, especially among adolescents and young adults. Novel psychoactive substances continuously emerge into the illicit drugs-of-abuse market to evade legislation. In 2013, SDB-006 was detected as a novel synthetic cannabinoid (SC) with high binding affinity to CB1 (EC50 = 19 nM) and CB2 (EC50 = 134 nM). Unfortunately, no human metabolism data for SDB-006 are currently available, making it challenging to confirm intake, since all previously investigated SCs were extensively metabolized. The present study aims to recommend appropriate marker metabolites for documenting SDB-006 consumption by investigating its metabolism in human hepatocytes. For metabolite profiling, 10 µM of SDB-006 was incubated in human hepatocytes for 3 h. Metabolite identification in hepatocyte samples was accomplished with high-resolution mass spectrometry via information-dependent data acquisition. Results revealed that SDB-006 was highly metabolized in human hepatocytes. A total of 20 metabolites were characterized, generated mainly from hydroxylation and glucuronidation. Hydroxylation occurred primarily on several positions of the pentyl chain. N-Dealkylation was the other major pathway, including depentylation and debenzylation. Based on our data, we propose 4′-keto-SDB-006 (M19) and pentyl-OH-SDB-006 (M15) as optimal marker metabolites for documenting SDB-006 intake.

In vitro metabolism of new synthetic cannabinoid SDB-006 in human hepatocytes by high-resolution mass spectrometry

Carlier J.
Co-primo
;
2017

Abstract

The drug abuse epidemic within the United States remains one of the nation’s most serious social challenges, especially among adolescents and young adults. Novel psychoactive substances continuously emerge into the illicit drugs-of-abuse market to evade legislation. In 2013, SDB-006 was detected as a novel synthetic cannabinoid (SC) with high binding affinity to CB1 (EC50 = 19 nM) and CB2 (EC50 = 134 nM). Unfortunately, no human metabolism data for SDB-006 are currently available, making it challenging to confirm intake, since all previously investigated SCs were extensively metabolized. The present study aims to recommend appropriate marker metabolites for documenting SDB-006 consumption by investigating its metabolism in human hepatocytes. For metabolite profiling, 10 µM of SDB-006 was incubated in human hepatocytes for 3 h. Metabolite identification in hepatocyte samples was accomplished with high-resolution mass spectrometry via information-dependent data acquisition. Results revealed that SDB-006 was highly metabolized in human hepatocytes. A total of 20 metabolites were characterized, generated mainly from hydroxylation and glucuronidation. Hydroxylation occurred primarily on several positions of the pentyl chain. N-Dealkylation was the other major pathway, including depentylation and debenzylation. Based on our data, we propose 4′-keto-SDB-006 (M19) and pentyl-OH-SDB-006 (M15) as optimal marker metabolites for documenting SDB-006 intake.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/300091
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact