Thymoquinone, a naturally derived agent, has been shown to possess antioxidant, antiproliferative and proapoptotic activities. In the present study, we explored thymoquinone effects on the proteasomal complex, the major system involved in the removal of damaged, oxidized and misfolded proteins. In purified 20S complexes, subunit-dependent and composition-dependent inhibition was observed, and the chymotrypsin-like and trypsin-like activities were the most susceptible to thymoquinone treatment. U87 MG and T98G malignant glioma cells were treated with thymoquinone, and 20S and 26S proteasome activity was measured. Inhibition of the complex was evident in both cell lines, but predominantly in U87 MG cells, and was accompanied by accumulation of ubiquitin conjugates. Accumulation of p53 and Bax, two proteasome substrates with proapoptotic activity, was observed in both cell lines. Our results demonstrate that thymoquinone induces selective and time-dependent proteasome inhibition, both in isolated enzymes and in glioblastoma cells, and suggest that this mechanism could be implicated in the induction of apoptosis in cancer cells. © 2010 FEBS.

Effects of thymoquinone on isolated and cellular proteasomes

Mozzicafreddo M.;
2010

Abstract

Thymoquinone, a naturally derived agent, has been shown to possess antioxidant, antiproliferative and proapoptotic activities. In the present study, we explored thymoquinone effects on the proteasomal complex, the major system involved in the removal of damaged, oxidized and misfolded proteins. In purified 20S complexes, subunit-dependent and composition-dependent inhibition was observed, and the chymotrypsin-like and trypsin-like activities were the most susceptible to thymoquinone treatment. U87 MG and T98G malignant glioma cells were treated with thymoquinone, and 20S and 26S proteasome activity was measured. Inhibition of the complex was evident in both cell lines, but predominantly in U87 MG cells, and was accompanied by accumulation of ubiquitin conjugates. Accumulation of p53 and Bax, two proteasome substrates with proapoptotic activity, was observed in both cell lines. Our results demonstrate that thymoquinone induces selective and time-dependent proteasome inhibition, both in isolated enzymes and in glioblastoma cells, and suggest that this mechanism could be implicated in the induction of apoptosis in cancer cells. © 2010 FEBS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/300032
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