Aflatoxins are highly hazardous contaminants of common food and feed. Aflatoxin B1 in particular, the most predominant among aflatoxins, was thoroughly demonstrated to be highly toxic, mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic in many animal species. Besides its established targets and effects, this work investigates on the possible direct interaction between aflatoxin B1 and three major serine proteases, namely elastase, thrombin and trypsin. These proteases belongs to a class of structurally and functionally related proteins pivotal in both direct and indirect regulation of a number of cellular events. Additionally, several pathological processes, including cancer, inflammatory processes and thrombosis, rely upon the subtle equilibrium between these enzymes and their potential modulators: in fact, their misregulation, caused by foreign molecules, could facilitate (or be the cause for) the occurrence of these pathologies. Our results provide the evidence for a reversible binding between AFB1 and these enzymes, likely to have profound implications in the manifestation of aflatoxicosis. Precisely, the toxin behaved as a moderate competitive inhibitor toward the enzymatic activity of the serine proteases in the low micromolar range. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Aflatoxin B1 misregulates the activity of serine proteases: Possible implications in the toxicity of some mycotoxins

Mozzicafreddo M.;Barocci S.;Re L.;
2009

Abstract

Aflatoxins are highly hazardous contaminants of common food and feed. Aflatoxin B1 in particular, the most predominant among aflatoxins, was thoroughly demonstrated to be highly toxic, mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic in many animal species. Besides its established targets and effects, this work investigates on the possible direct interaction between aflatoxin B1 and three major serine proteases, namely elastase, thrombin and trypsin. These proteases belongs to a class of structurally and functionally related proteins pivotal in both direct and indirect regulation of a number of cellular events. Additionally, several pathological processes, including cancer, inflammatory processes and thrombosis, rely upon the subtle equilibrium between these enzymes and their potential modulators: in fact, their misregulation, caused by foreign molecules, could facilitate (or be the cause for) the occurrence of these pathologies. Our results provide the evidence for a reversible binding between AFB1 and these enzymes, likely to have profound implications in the manifestation of aflatoxicosis. Precisely, the toxin behaved as a moderate competitive inhibitor toward the enzymatic activity of the serine proteases in the low micromolar range. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/300016
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