Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is a ubiquitous enzyme involved in major biological process, including DNA synthesis and cancer inhibition, and its modulation is the object of extensive structural, kinetic, and pharmacological studies. In particular, earlier studies showed that green tea catechins are powerful inhibitors of bovine liver and chicken liver DHFR. In this article, we report the results of inhibition kinetics for the enzyme from another source (DHFR from E. coli) exerted by (-)-epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG). Using different analytical techniques, we reported that EGCG acts as a bisubstrate inhibitor on the bacterial DHFR. Moreover, the combined approach of biosensor, kinetic, and molecular modelling analysis disclosed the ability of EGCG to bind to the enzyme both on substrate (DHF) and cofactor (NADPH) site. Collectively, our data have confirmed the selectivity of antifolate compounds with respect to the different source of enzyme (bacterial or mammalian DHFR) and the possible role of tea catechins as chemopreventive agents. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Mechanism of inhibition of wt-dihydrofolate reductase from E. coli by tea epigallocatechin-gallate / Spina, M.; Cuccioloni, M.; Mozzicafreddo, M.; Montecchia, F.; Pucciarelli, S.; Eleuteri, A. M.; Fioretti, E.; Angeletti, M.. - In: PROTEINS. - ISSN 0887-3585. - 72:1(2008), pp. 240-251. [10.1002/prot.21914]

Mechanism of inhibition of wt-dihydrofolate reductase from E. coli by tea epigallocatechin-gallate

Mozzicafreddo M.;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is a ubiquitous enzyme involved in major biological process, including DNA synthesis and cancer inhibition, and its modulation is the object of extensive structural, kinetic, and pharmacological studies. In particular, earlier studies showed that green tea catechins are powerful inhibitors of bovine liver and chicken liver DHFR. In this article, we report the results of inhibition kinetics for the enzyme from another source (DHFR from E. coli) exerted by (-)-epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG). Using different analytical techniques, we reported that EGCG acts as a bisubstrate inhibitor on the bacterial DHFR. Moreover, the combined approach of biosensor, kinetic, and molecular modelling analysis disclosed the ability of EGCG to bind to the enzyme both on substrate (DHF) and cofactor (NADPH) site. Collectively, our data have confirmed the selectivity of antifolate compounds with respect to the different source of enzyme (bacterial or mammalian DHFR) and the possible role of tea catechins as chemopreventive agents. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
2008
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/299947
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