Background: Non-infectious uveitis represents a leading cause of visual impairment, and inflammation control represents a major priority in tackling visual acuity loss due to complications such as macular edema; different immunomodulatory drugs are currently being used, including anti-TNF-alpha Adalimumab. Methods: This was a monocentric observational study of 18 eyes of 18 patients with non-infectious uveitis treated with Adalimumab. The primary endpoint was the control of ocular inflammation. The secondary endpoints included the study of macular and choroidal thickness and architecture, visual acuity, changes in other treatments, and adverse effects. Results: Ocular inflammation was controlled at 12 months for 83.3% of patients. Central macular thickness improved from a median of 229.75 µm at baseline to 213 µm at 12 months, while choroidal thickness decreased by 11.54% at the end of the follow-up. A reduction of vasculitis on fluorescein angiography and of hyperreflective spots on optical coherence tomography was noted. Visual acuity also improved from 0.51 (logMAR) before treatment to 0.24 at more than 12 months (p = 0.01). A total of 11.1% of patients experienced side effects. Conclusion: Our study confirms the efficacy of adalimumab for the control of ocular inflammation, visual acuity preservation, and for corticosteroid sparing.

Intraocular inflammation control and changes in retinal and choroidal architecture in refractory non-infectious uveitis patients after adalimumab therapy / Pirani, V.; Pelliccioni, P.; De Turris, S.; Rosati, A.; Franceschi, A.; Pasanisi, P.; Gesuita, R.; Nicolai, M.; Mariotti, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:2(2020), p. 510. [10.3390/jcm9020510]

Intraocular inflammation control and changes in retinal and choroidal architecture in refractory non-infectious uveitis patients after adalimumab therapy

Pirani V.;Pelliccioni P.;De Turris S.;Franceschi A.;Pasanisi P.;Gesuita R.;Mariotti C.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: Non-infectious uveitis represents a leading cause of visual impairment, and inflammation control represents a major priority in tackling visual acuity loss due to complications such as macular edema; different immunomodulatory drugs are currently being used, including anti-TNF-alpha Adalimumab. Methods: This was a monocentric observational study of 18 eyes of 18 patients with non-infectious uveitis treated with Adalimumab. The primary endpoint was the control of ocular inflammation. The secondary endpoints included the study of macular and choroidal thickness and architecture, visual acuity, changes in other treatments, and adverse effects. Results: Ocular inflammation was controlled at 12 months for 83.3% of patients. Central macular thickness improved from a median of 229.75 µm at baseline to 213 µm at 12 months, while choroidal thickness decreased by 11.54% at the end of the follow-up. A reduction of vasculitis on fluorescein angiography and of hyperreflective spots on optical coherence tomography was noted. Visual acuity also improved from 0.51 (logMAR) before treatment to 0.24 at more than 12 months (p = 0.01). A total of 11.1% of patients experienced side effects. Conclusion: Our study confirms the efficacy of adalimumab for the control of ocular inflammation, visual acuity preservation, and for corticosteroid sparing.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/299647
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