Introduction: Patients with severe epilepsy are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and arrhythmias. Although antiseizure medications (ASMs) may have indirect protective effects against cardiovascular events by reducing seizure frequency and hence sudden death in epilepsy, some of them exert cardiotoxic effects. Areas covered: Patients with epilepsy, mainly those with severe forms, are at higher risk of cardiac disease because their heart can have structural alterations and electrical instability as a consequence of repeated seizures. Some ASMs have direct protective effects through anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hypotensive, and lipid-reducing properties. Antiseizure medications can also have toxic cardiac effects including both long-term consequences, such as the increased risk of atherogenesis and subsequent cardiovascular disease due to the influence on lipid profile and pro-inflammatory milieu, and immediate effects as the increased risk of potentially fatal arrhythmias due to the influence on ion channels. Sodium channel blocking ASMs may also affect cardiac sodium channels and this effect is particularly observed in subjects with genetic mutations in cardiac ion channels. Fenfluramine cause valvulopathies in obese subjects and this effect need to be evaluated in epilepsy patients. Expert opinion: For the selection of treatment, cardiotoxic effects of ASMs should be considered; cardiac monitoring of treatment is advisable.

Cardiac adverse effects of antiseizure medications / Zaccara, G.; Lattanzi, S.; Brigo, F.. - In: EXPERT OPINION ON DRUG SAFETY. - ISSN 1474-0338. - (2021), pp. 1-12-12. [10.1080/14740338.2022.2023128]

Cardiac adverse effects of antiseizure medications

Lattanzi S.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Patients with severe epilepsy are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and arrhythmias. Although antiseizure medications (ASMs) may have indirect protective effects against cardiovascular events by reducing seizure frequency and hence sudden death in epilepsy, some of them exert cardiotoxic effects. Areas covered: Patients with epilepsy, mainly those with severe forms, are at higher risk of cardiac disease because their heart can have structural alterations and electrical instability as a consequence of repeated seizures. Some ASMs have direct protective effects through anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hypotensive, and lipid-reducing properties. Antiseizure medications can also have toxic cardiac effects including both long-term consequences, such as the increased risk of atherogenesis and subsequent cardiovascular disease due to the influence on lipid profile and pro-inflammatory milieu, and immediate effects as the increased risk of potentially fatal arrhythmias due to the influence on ion channels. Sodium channel blocking ASMs may also affect cardiac sodium channels and this effect is particularly observed in subjects with genetic mutations in cardiac ion channels. Fenfluramine cause valvulopathies in obese subjects and this effect need to be evaluated in epilepsy patients. Expert opinion: For the selection of treatment, cardiotoxic effects of ASMs should be considered; cardiac monitoring of treatment is advisable.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/298570
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