Although hypogonadism is a risk factor for bone loss and fractures, the different etiopathophysiology and hormonal profile of classical and obesity-induced hypogonadism may lead to differences in musculoskeletal profile. This is a cross-sectional study of hypogonadal men between 40 and 74 years old. Our outcomes include: areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; volumetric BMD (vBMD) and soft tissue composition of the tibia by peripheral quantitative computed tomography. Fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) scores were evaluated. Testosterone, estradiol, luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, sex hormone-binding globulin, C-telopeptide, osteocalcin, and sclerostin were measured. We divided the population into subgroups of BMI: group 1: BMI < 30; group 2: BMI ≥30 to <35 and group 3: BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2. One-hundred five men were enrolled. Spine and hip aBMD, and total and trabecular vBMD at the 4% tibia significantly increased with increasing BMI. Cortical thickness (330.7 ± 53.2, 343.3 ± 35.4, and 358.7 ± 38.2 mm, p = 0.04; groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively) and cortical area (5.3 ± 0.7, 5.5 ± 0.6, and 5.7 ± 0.6 mm, p = 0.01; groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively) at 38% tibia increased with increasing BMI. While absolute lean mass increased with increasing BMI, % lean mass and muscle density (70.2 ± 5.0, 71.3 ± 6.4, and 67.1 ± 5.1 mg/cm3; groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively) were lowest in group 3. Although severely obese hypogondal men have better BMD and bone quality, they have reduced muscle density, the significance of which remains to be determined.
Hypogonadal Men with Higher Body Mass Index have Higher Bone Density and Better Bone Quality but Reduced Muscle Density / Aguirre, L. E.; Colleluori, G.; Dorin, R.; Robbins, D.; Chen, R.; Jiang, B.; Qualls, C.; Villareal, D. T.; Armamento-Villareal, R.. - In: CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0171-967X. - 101:6(2017), pp. 602-611. [10.1007/s00223-017-0316-x]