Background: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive disease, with few available treatment options. Identification of novel prognostic and predictive biomarkers is a priority. In MPM patients, BRCA-associated protein 1 (BAP1) alterations are detected in about 60% of cases and miR-31 seems to be involved in BAP1 regulation at post-transcriptional level. The aim of this study was to evaluate the interaction between BAP1 and miR-31 in MPM and their prognostic role in MPM. Methods: The expression of BAP1 and miR-31 was analyzed in tissues of 55 MPM patients treated with first-line chemotherapy. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were assessed by Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test was used to investigate differences among subgroups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate independent predictors of survival. Results: In the whole cohort, loss of BAP1 was associated with a significant improvement in OS, but not in PFS. Lower miR-31 levels were detected in epithelioid MPM (e-MPM) compared to the non-epithelioid subtypes and resulted associated with BAP1 loss. By looking at the e-MPM subgroup, loss of BAP1 was not able to predict clinical outcome. Conversely, miR-31 levels were significantly associated with PFS (P=0.028), but not with OS (P=0.059). By combining the two biomarkers, e-MPM patients with BAP1 loss/low miR-31 levels showed a better prognosis compared to the ones with BAP1 retained/high miR-31 levels (median OS 22.6 vs. 17.0 months, P=0.017 and median PFS 8.7 vs. 5.1 months, P=0.020). The BAP1 and miR-31 combination was confirmed at multivariate analysis as an independent prognostic factor for e-MPM patients. Conclusions: In this preliminary study, we found that the prognostic stratification of e-MPM patients may be improved by simultaneously assessing of BAP1 status and miR-31 levels. The two-biomarker score is useful to identify a subgroup of e-MPM tumors characterized by BAP1 retained and high miR-31 levels with worse clinical outcome.
BRCA-associated protein 1 (BAP1) and miR-31 combination predicts outcomes in epithelioid malignant pleural mesothelioma / Murrone, A.; Cantini, L.; Pecci, F.; Cognigni, V.; Copparoni, C.; Rinaldi, S.; Fiordoliva, I.; Monaco, F.; Rubini, C.; Barbisan, F.; Cimadamore, A.; Giampieri, R.; Bianchi, F.; Tomasetti, M.; Amati, M.; Santarelli, L.; Berardi, R.; Monaco, Federica. - In: JOURNAL OF THORACIC DISEASE. - ISSN 2072-1439. - 13:10(2021), pp. 5741-5751. [10.21037/jtd-21-555]