Infertility affects 15% of couples worldwide. A male factor is involved in 50% of cases. The etiology of male infertility is poorly understood, but there is evidence for a strong association between oxidative stress (OS) and poor seminal fluid quality. For this reason, therapy with antioxi-dants is one of the cornerstones of empirical treatment of male infertility. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)— an essential cofactor for energy production with major antioxidant properties—is commonly used to support spermatogenesis in idiopathic male infertility. This systematic review aims to elucidate the usefulness of CoQ10 supplementation in the treatment of male infertility, particularly with re-gard to semen quality assessed by conventional and advanced methods, and pregnancy rates. All studies report a beneficial effect of CoQ10 supplementation on semen parameters, although randomized controlled trials are a minority. Moreover, the optimal dosage of CoQ10 or how it can be combined with other antioxidant molecules to maximize its effect is unknown. However, CoQ10 is still one of the most promising molecules to treat idiopathic male infertility and warrants further investigation.
Coenzyme Q10 and male infertility: A systematic review / Salvio, G.; Cutini, M.; Ciarloni, A.; Giovannini, L.; Perrone, M.; Balercia, G.. - In: ANTIOXIDANTS. - ISSN 2076-3921. - 10:(2021), p. 874. [10.3390/antiox10060874]