Network function virtualization (NFV) sits firmly on the networking evolutionary path. By migrating network functions from dedicated devices to general purpose computing platforms, NFV can help reduce the cost to deploy and operate large IT infrastructures. In particular, NFV is expected to play a pivotal role in mobile networks where significant cost reductions can be obtained by dynamically deploying and scaling virtual network functions (VNFs) in the core network. However, in order to achieve its full potential, NFV needs to extend its reach also to the radio access segment. Here, mobile virtual network operators shall be allowed to request radio access VNFs with custom resource allocation solutions. Such a requirement raises several challenges in terms of performance isolation and resource provisioning. In this work, we formalize the wireless VNF placement problem in the radio access network as an integer linear programming problem and we propose a VNF placement heuristic, named wireless network embedding (WiNE), to solve the problem. Moreover, we present a proof-of-concept implementation of an NFV management and orchestration framework for enterprise WLANs. The proposed architecture builds on a programmable network fabric where pure forwarding nodes are mixed with radio and packet processing capable nodes.
Scheduling Wireless Virtual Networks Functions / Riggio, Roberto; A., Bradai; Harutyunyan, Davit; Mohamed Rasheed, Tinku; T., Ahmed. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORK AND SERVICE MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 1932-4537. - 13:2(2016), pp. 240-252. [10.1109/TNSM.2016.2549563]