Dysregulated immunity and widespread metabolic dysfunctions are the most relevant hallmarks of the passing of time over the course of adult life, and their combination at midlife is strongly related to increased vulnerability to diseases; however, the causal connection between them remains largely unclear. By combining multi-omics and functional analyses of adipose-derived stromal cells established from young (1 month) and midlife (12 months) mice, we show that an increase in expression of interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7) during adult life drives major metabolic changes, which include impaired mitochondrial function, altered amino acid biogenesis and reduced expression of genes involved in branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) degradation. Our results draw a new paradigm of aging as the ‘sterile’ activation of a cell-autonomous pathway of self-defense and identify a crucial mediator of this pathway, IRF7, as driver of metabolic dysfunction with age.
Interferon regulatory factor 7 impairs cellular metabolism in aging adipose-derived stromal cells / Nodari, A.; Scambi, I.; Peroni, D.; Calabria, E.; Benati, D.; Mannucci, S.; Manfredi, M.; Frontini, A.; Visona, S.; Bozzato, A.; Sbarbati, A.; Schena, F.; Marengo, E.; Krampera, M.; Galie, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-9533. - 134:11(2021). [10.1242/jcs.256230]